Proceedings of the International Conference on Advancements in Materials, Design and Manufacturing for Sustainable Development, ICAMDMS 2024, 23-24 February 2024, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, India

Research Article

A review on Additive Production of Functionally Graded Materials Based on Titanium

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  • @INPROCEEDINGS{10.4108/eai.23-2-2024.2346987,
        author={Anand Raj  C and Arul Kirubakaran  D and MalkiyaRasalin Prince  R and Darwin Immanuel  I},
        title={A review on Additive Production of Functionally Graded Materials Based on Titanium},
        proceedings={Proceedings of the International Conference on Advancements in Materials, Design and Manufacturing for Sustainable Development, ICAMDMS 2024, 23-24 February 2024, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, India},
        publisher={EAI},
        proceedings_a={ICAMDMS},
        year={2024},
        month={6},
        keywords={functionally gradient materials (fgms) additive manufacturing (am) direct energy deposition (ded)},
        doi={10.4108/eai.23-2-2024.2346987}
    }
    
  • Anand Raj C
    Arul Kirubakaran D
    MalkiyaRasalin Prince R
    Darwin Immanuel I
    Year: 2024
    A review on Additive Production of Functionally Graded Materials Based on Titanium
    ICAMDMS
    EAI
    DOI: 10.4108/eai.23-2-2024.2346987
Anand Raj C1,*, Arul Kirubakaran D1, MalkiyaRasalin Prince R1, Darwin Immanuel I1
  • 1: Karunya Institute of Technology and Science
*Contact email: chikkuduanandraj@gmail.com

Abstract

Functionally graded materials (FGMs) are heterogeneous structures that are advantageous in a wide range of applications due to their varied composition, microstructure, and site-specific characteristics, yet traditional manufacturing poses limitations. Additive manufacturing (AM) has surged in research interest over two decades, offering intricate part production with minimal waste, ideal for FGMs. AM advancements enable complex FGM designs, fostering their widespread use. Due to a number of advantages, the processing of functionally gradient materials was made feasible by the advent of modern additive manufacturing technology, which created a significant potential for the advancement of this class of engineering materials. When parts are subjected to different mechanical or thermal stresses within a focus area, these materials offer a sophisticated solution. Because of this, FGMs have found uses in the mining, aerospace, military, and marine manufacturing sectors etc., providing solutions for varied stresses. Notably, AM, particularly Directed Energy Deposition (DED), facilitates FGM fabrication, often using titanium and nickel alloys combined with other materials. The article explores an advanced conceptual understanding of additively manufactured FGMs, providing an overview of the Directed Energy Deposition (DED) technique. The focus is on enabling the production of FGM parts, with a brief examination of limitations in certain additive manufacturing (AM) technologies.