Proceedings of the International Conference on Advancements in Materials, Design and Manufacturing for Sustainable Development, ICAMDMS 2024, 23-24 February 2024, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, India

Research Article

Design and Development of a Low-Cost Multipurpose Arduino CNC plotter for Industrial Applications

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  • @INPROCEEDINGS{10.4108/eai.23-2-2024.2346953,
        author={Raashika  R and Elangovan  S},
        title={Design and Development of a Low-Cost Multipurpose Arduino CNC plotter for Industrial Applications},
        proceedings={Proceedings of the International Conference on Advancements in Materials, Design and Manufacturing for Sustainable Development, ICAMDMS 2024, 23-24 February 2024, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, India},
        publisher={EAI},
        proceedings_a={ICAMDMS},
        year={2024},
        month={6},
        keywords={cnc plotter microcontroller arduino engraving pcb soldering},
        doi={10.4108/eai.23-2-2024.2346953}
    }
    
  • Raashika R
    Elangovan S
    Year: 2024
    Design and Development of a Low-Cost Multipurpose Arduino CNC plotter for Industrial Applications
    ICAMDMS
    EAI
    DOI: 10.4108/eai.23-2-2024.2346953
Raashika R1,*, Elangovan S1
  • 1: PSG College of Technology
*Contact email: 22mp03@psgtech.ac.in

Abstract

CNC machines, or computer numerical control machines, are among the most popular devices utilized in modern businesses. A lot of labor-intensive tasks that require daily repetition were replaced by CNC machines; nonetheless, as time passes, the quantity and quality of the products produced by the machines remain constant. The goal of this project is to create an inexpensive, multifunctional CNC machine with an Arduino platform that can plot data depending on a provided image or text. This CNC plotter can also perform other operations like the engraving, laser cutting, PCB board soldering and 2D/3D operations. The prototype was built with the hardware components, microcontrollers and suitable software’s are used. Quantitative analysis reveals that commercially available plotters exhibit superior accuracy, achieving precision levels in the range of 0.1 mm to 0.01 mm (aprx), while Arduino-based CNC plotters achieve accuracy levels ranging from 0.1 mm to 0.5 mm (aprx) . Despite this difference, solutions can still provide satisfactory results for hobbyist or educational purposes with proper calibration and tuning. Two types of images which are the input image and the import image have been tested, one with a normal JPG image and other with CAD file format. In the future these works are led by the error occurring in the prototype and thus making it multiple tool CNC plotters.