Proceedings of the International Conference on Advancements in Materials, Design and Manufacturing for Sustainable Development, ICAMDMS 2024, 23-24 February 2024, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, India

Research Article

Design and Fabrication of a 3-axis Semi-Automated Welding Setup to Improve Joint Strength

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  • @INPROCEEDINGS{10.4108/eai.23-2-2024.2346950,
        author={Dhilip  A and Praneshraj  P and Gnanavel  G and Manoj  K and Ajay  R},
        title={Design and Fabrication of a 3-axis Semi-Automated Welding Setup to Improve Joint Strength},
        proceedings={Proceedings of the International Conference on Advancements in Materials, Design and Manufacturing for Sustainable Development, ICAMDMS 2024, 23-24 February 2024, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, India},
        publisher={EAI},
        proceedings_a={ICAMDMS},
        year={2024},
        month={6},
        keywords={design fabrication precision repeatability; semi-automated tungsten inert gas welding (tig)},
        doi={10.4108/eai.23-2-2024.2346950}
    }
    
  • Dhilip A
    Praneshraj P
    Gnanavel G
    Manoj K
    Ajay R
    Year: 2024
    Design and Fabrication of a 3-axis Semi-Automated Welding Setup to Improve Joint Strength
    ICAMDMS
    EAI
    DOI: 10.4108/eai.23-2-2024.2346950
Dhilip A1, Praneshraj P1, Gnanavel G1, Manoj K1, Ajay R1,*
  • 1: PSG College of Technology
*Contact email: 21p431@psgtech.ac.in

Abstract

This paper presents a design for a 3-axis semi-automated Tungsten Inert Gas (TIG) welding setup utilizing a PIC microcontroller and actuators to enhance welding efficiency and accuracy. Incorporating screw actuators offers advantages over traditional systems, including improved positional control, repeatability, and energy efficiency. The design phase involves mechanical structure development, microcontroller integration, and welding component assembly. Modern control algorithms enable dynamic adjustment of welding parameters for optimal weld quality. The three-axis configuration allows precise welding of various geometries, with ball screw actuators ensuring smooth motion control. The machine features a user-friendly interface suitable for both experienced welders and beginners. Experiment results demonstrate high-quality welds on materials like stainless steel, aluminium, and steel, contributing to reduced waste and increased productivity.