Proceedings of the International Conference on Sustainable Engineering, Infrastructure and Development, ICO-SEID 2022, 23-24 November 2022, Jakarta, Indonesia

Research Article

Influence of Physical Work Environment: Temperature, Humidity, Light Intensity, and Vibration on Construction Worker's Subjective Comfort

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  • @INPROCEEDINGS{10.4108/eai.23-11-2022.2341603,
        author={Gusti Bimo Chaniago and Fatimah Dinan Qonitan and Ari  Rahman},
        title={Influence of Physical Work Environment: Temperature, Humidity, Light Intensity, and Vibration on Construction Worker's Subjective Comfort},
        proceedings={Proceedings of the International Conference on Sustainable Engineering, Infrastructure and Development, ICO-SEID 2022, 23-24 November 2022, Jakarta, Indonesia},
        publisher={EAI},
        proceedings_a={ICO-SEID},
        year={2023},
        month={12},
        keywords={light intensity temperature humidity vibration subjective comfort construction ppe},
        doi={10.4108/eai.23-11-2022.2341603}
    }
    
  • Gusti Bimo Chaniago
    Fatimah Dinan Qonitan
    Ari Rahman
    Year: 2023
    Influence of Physical Work Environment: Temperature, Humidity, Light Intensity, and Vibration on Construction Worker's Subjective Comfort
    ICO-SEID
    EAI
    DOI: 10.4108/eai.23-11-2022.2341603
Gusti Bimo Chaniago1, Fatimah Dinan Qonitan1,*, Ari Rahman1
  • 1: Universitas Pertamina, Simprug, Jakarta
*Contact email: fatimah.dinan@universitaspertamina.ac.id

Abstract

The physical work environment is everything around workers that can affect them in carrying out work tasks, lighting conditions, temperature, humidity, and vibrations caused using specific tools.Subjective comfort was surveyed using questionnaires filled out by the workers.During the study, the workers were active in 5 (five) different workstations, including pipework, installation of cable networks, ducting assembly, and welding. Measurement in all stations resulted in an average light intensity of 196.6 lux, a temperature of 30.97°C, a humidity of 55.29%, and vibration of 9.4 m/s which sometimes violates the national threshold value regulated by the Minister of Labor of the Republic of Indonesia Number 5 of 2018. A multiple linear regression analysis was carried out to quantify the influence of the parameters on the workers' subjective comfort using the SPSS Software Version 25.0. The multiple linear regression analysis showed that for a 95% confidence level, all parameters together have a statistically significant influence on the subjective comfort of workers with Sig = 0.001. While only temperature (Sig = 0.019) and vibration (Sig = 0.001) have an independent statistically significant influence, temperature and vibration become priority parameters for workers' subjective comfort improvement. The comfort of the working environment on temperature and vibration parameters can be improved by providing a portable fan and making a rubber engine holder for dampening vibrations.