Proceedings of the International Conference on Sustainable Engineering, Infrastructure and Development, ICO-SEID 2022, 23-24 November 2022, Jakarta, Indonesia

Research Article

Microwave-Assisted Extraction of Phenolic Compound from Soursop Peel (Annona muricata L.) and Its Antioxidant Potential and SPF Measurement

Download45 downloads
  • @INPROCEEDINGS{10.4108/eai.23-11-2022.2341569,
        author={Amanda  Suzeta and Wegik Dwi Prasetyo and Agung  Nugroho and Rinaldi Medali Rachman and Eduardus Budi Nursanto},
        title={Microwave-Assisted Extraction of Phenolic Compound  from Soursop Peel (Annona muricata L.) and Its  Antioxidant Potential and SPF Measurement},
        proceedings={Proceedings of the International Conference on Sustainable Engineering, Infrastructure and Development, ICO-SEID 2022, 23-24 November 2022, Jakarta, Indonesia},
        publisher={EAI},
        proceedings_a={ICO-SEID},
        year={2023},
        month={12},
        keywords={soursop peel microwave total phenolic antioxidant activity spf},
        doi={10.4108/eai.23-11-2022.2341569}
    }
    
  • Amanda Suzeta
    Wegik Dwi Prasetyo
    Agung Nugroho
    Rinaldi Medali Rachman
    Eduardus Budi Nursanto
    Year: 2023
    Microwave-Assisted Extraction of Phenolic Compound from Soursop Peel (Annona muricata L.) and Its Antioxidant Potential and SPF Measurement
    ICO-SEID
    EAI
    DOI: 10.4108/eai.23-11-2022.2341569
Amanda Suzeta1, Wegik Dwi Prasetyo1,*, Agung Nugroho1, Rinaldi Medali Rachman1, Eduardus Budi Nursanto1
  • 1: Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Industrial Technology, Universitas Pertamina
*Contact email: wegik.dp@universitaspertamina.ac.id

Abstract

Microwave-Assisted Extraction of phenolics compounds from soursop-peel (Annona muricata L.) was conducted at a fixed microwave power of 420 W with ethanol as the solvent of varying concentration (50%, 70%, and 96%) and extraction time (3 min, 5 min, and 7 min). The highest total phenolic content value was 2.37 mgGAE/gr of dried soursop-peel and was obtained at an extraction time of 7 min with an ethanol concentration of 96%. At this optimum parameter combination (7 min, 96%), the IC50 value of the extract was 78.05 μg/mL and classified as a strong antioxidant. While the Sun Protection Factor value was only 22.71 and it is categorized as having a fair-sun protection capability. The extraction time plays critical role on the contact time between solvent and the solid. Increasing extraction time from 3 minutes to 7 minutes in extraction using 96% ethanol, increased the TPC yield to more than 100%. While the increase of ethanol concentration from 50% to 96% only increase the TPC content by only 45 – 55%.