Proceedings of the International Conference on Sustainable Engineering, Infrastructure and Development, ICO-SEID 2022, 23-24 November 2022, Jakarta, Indonesia

Research Article

Analysis of the Effect of Variations in Expansion Loop Shapes on Pressure Drops Occurring in the Flow of Crude Oil in Pipeline Using Computational Fluid Dynamics

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  • @INPROCEEDINGS{10.4108/eai.23-11-2022.2341543,
        author={Muhammad Akil Haq and Byan Wahyu Riyandwita},
        title={Analysis of the Effect of Variations in Expansion Loop  Shapes on Pressure Drops Occurring in the Flow of  Crude Oil in Pipeline Using Computational Fluid  Dynamics},
        proceedings={Proceedings of the International Conference on Sustainable Engineering, Infrastructure and Development, ICO-SEID 2022, 23-24 November 2022, Jakarta, Indonesia},
        publisher={EAI},
        proceedings_a={ICO-SEID},
        year={2023},
        month={12},
        keywords={expansion loop pressure drop pump power operating costs computational fluid dynamics},
        doi={10.4108/eai.23-11-2022.2341543}
    }
    
  • Muhammad Akil Haq
    Byan Wahyu Riyandwita
    Year: 2023
    Analysis of the Effect of Variations in Expansion Loop Shapes on Pressure Drops Occurring in the Flow of Crude Oil in Pipeline Using Computational Fluid Dynamics
    ICO-SEID
    EAI
    DOI: 10.4108/eai.23-11-2022.2341543
Muhammad Akil Haq1, Byan Wahyu Riyandwita1,*
  • 1: Department of Mechanical Engineering, Faculty of Industrial Technology, Universitas Pertamina, Indonesia
*Contact email: byan.wr@universitaspertamina.ac.id

Abstract

Expansion loop is a solution to overcome the expansion of the pipe due to thermal loads. However, the installation of an expansion loop will increase the pressure drop. Consequently, the pump power will increase with the increasing pressure drop, and cause additional operating costs. In this study, 4 types expansion loop is compared. The length of the expansion loop designed is 10 m, the inner diameter is 336.55 mm, and the outer diameter is 355.6 mm. This study evaluate the effect of flow velocity, fluid density and viscosity on pressure drop. This report also presents the effect of pressure drop on pump power and additional costs due to expansion loop types. Computational fluid dynamic is used to obtain the pressure drops. The pressure drop that occurs in 4 types of expansion loops will be discussed and the type of expansion loop that causes the lowest pressure drop will be determined