Proceedings of the International Conference on Sustainable Engineering, Infrastructure and Development, ICO-SEID 2022, 23-24 November 2022, Jakarta, Indonesia

Research Article

Antioxidant Extraction of Dragon Scale Ferns (Pyrrosia piloselloides) With Ultrasound – Assisted Extraction Method

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  • @INPROCEEDINGS{10.4108/eai.23-11-2022.2338884,
        author={Eduardus Budi Nursanto and Kevin  Leonardo and Wegik Dwi Prasetyo},
        title={Antioxidant Extraction of Dragon Scale Ferns (Pyrrosia piloselloides) With Ultrasound -- Assisted Extraction Method},
        proceedings={Proceedings of the International Conference on Sustainable Engineering, Infrastructure and Development, ICO-SEID 2022, 23-24 November 2022, Jakarta, Indonesia},
        publisher={EAI},
        proceedings_a={ICO-SEID},
        year={2023},
        month={12},
        keywords={dragon’s scale fern ultrasound -- assisted extraction ethanol solvent phenolic compounds antioxidant},
        doi={10.4108/eai.23-11-2022.2338884}
    }
    
  • Eduardus Budi Nursanto
    Kevin Leonardo
    Wegik Dwi Prasetyo
    Year: 2023
    Antioxidant Extraction of Dragon Scale Ferns (Pyrrosia piloselloides) With Ultrasound – Assisted Extraction Method
    ICO-SEID
    EAI
    DOI: 10.4108/eai.23-11-2022.2338884
Eduardus Budi Nursanto1,*, Kevin Leonardo1, Wegik Dwi Prasetyo1
  • 1: Chemical Engineering Department, Universitas Pertamina, Kebayoran Lama, Jakarta Selatan, Indonesia
*Contact email: eduardus.bn@universitaspertamina.ac.id

Abstract

Dragon scales plant or usually called as dragon’s scale fern (Pyrrosia piloselloides) is an epiphytic plant that lives on trees. This plant is often used as herbal medicine because it contains compounds such as flavonoids, saponins, tannins and polyphenols. This study aims to extract the phenolic compounds to be used as natural antioxidants by using ultrasound – assisted extraction. The extraction was carried out on dragon’s scale ferns with the ratio of 1:10 of solid-to-solvent ratio. This extraction was carried out at 40oC and frequency of 40 kHz using ethanol. The results of this study indicate the presence of these compounds in dragon’s scale ferns leaf extract which was extracted using the ultrasound – assisted extraction method. The maximum extraction yield was obtained in 45 minutes with a solvent concentration of 50%, namely 2.596 grams with total phenolic content of 5.8977 mg GAE/g of dragon’s scale ferns.