Proceedings of the 13th International Interdisciplinary Studies Seminar, IISS 2019, 30-31 October 2019, Malang, Indonesia

Research Article

Analysis of Stunting Based on Cultural Approach to Ogan Komering Ilir Community South Sumatra Province

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  • @INPROCEEDINGS{10.4108/eai.23-10-2019.2293101,
        author={Mulyanto  Mulyanto and Sriati  Sriati and Ridhah  Taqwa},
        title={Analysis of Stunting Based on Cultural Approach to Ogan Komering Ilir Community South Sumatra Province},
        proceedings={Proceedings of the 13th International Interdisciplinary Studies Seminar, IISS 2019, 30-31 October 2019, Malang, Indonesia},
        publisher={EAI},
        proceedings_a={IISS},
        year={2020},
        month={3},
        keywords={stunting cultural approach community south sumatra indonesia},
        doi={10.4108/eai.23-10-2019.2293101}
    }
    
  • Mulyanto Mulyanto
    Sriati Sriati
    Ridhah Taqwa
    Year: 2020
    Analysis of Stunting Based on Cultural Approach to Ogan Komering Ilir Community South Sumatra Province
    IISS
    EAI
    DOI: 10.4108/eai.23-10-2019.2293101
Mulyanto Mulyanto1,*, Sriati Sriati1, Ridhah Taqwa1
  • 1: Universitas Sriwijaya, Indonesia
*Contact email: marius_mulyanto@yahoo.co.id

Abstract

Based on the stunting condition in Indonesia, the government intervened the stunting in 100 priority regencies/cities based on the criteria for the number and prevalence of stunting toddlers. Ogan Komering Ilir (OKI) Regency is one of the intervention targets in South Sumatra Province. The stunting rate of OKI according to Riskesdas reached 40.5% or almost half of toddlers in OKI experienced stunting. There have been many types of research conducted to find its causes that tend to use statistical analysis and focus on medical analysis. Therefore, the problem of stunting is interesting to study using a cultural approach in public life. The purpose of this research is to analyse the cognitive map of the community that forms the basis of cultural knowledge in relation to public health behaviour, as a cause of stunting. This research uses a qualitative approach with a constructivist research paradigm and ethno science strategy. The results show that stunting toddlers are mostly in residential areas near rivers, specifically the Komering River and the Lempuing River. The stunting toddler family is a local resident, originating from the Kayuagung Tribe. They're still live simple lives and make living as farmers as well as river fishermen. Rivers become the orientation of their daily lives and it tends to be in subsistence conditions. Stunting is caused by the parenting cultural patterns that cannot be separated from the orientation system of cultural values as a lifestyle