Proceedings of the 13th International Interdisciplinary Studies Seminar, IISS 2019, 30-31 October 2019, Malang, Indonesia

Research Article

A Comparison between the Environmental Impact of Each Batik Production Process

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  • @INPROCEEDINGS{10.4108/eai.23-10-2019.2293015,
        author={Etika  Muslimah and Sudjito  Soeparman and Bagyo  Yanuwiyadi and Harsuko  Riniwati},
        title={A Comparison between the Environmental Impact of Each Batik Production Process},
        proceedings={Proceedings of the 13th International Interdisciplinary Studies Seminar, IISS 2019, 30-31 October 2019, Malang, Indonesia},
        publisher={EAI},
        proceedings_a={IISS},
        year={2020},
        month={3},
        keywords={environmental impact process batik coloring chemicals},
        doi={10.4108/eai.23-10-2019.2293015}
    }
    
  • Etika Muslimah
    Sudjito Soeparman
    Bagyo Yanuwiyadi
    Harsuko Riniwati
    Year: 2020
    A Comparison between the Environmental Impact of Each Batik Production Process
    IISS
    EAI
    DOI: 10.4108/eai.23-10-2019.2293015
Etika Muslimah1,*, Sudjito Soeparman1, Bagyo Yanuwiyadi1, Harsuko Riniwati1
  • 1: Universitas Brawijaya, Indonesia
*Contact email: etika.muslimah@ums.ac.id

Abstract

Batik is a native Indonesian cultural heritage. The batik industry is spread in several cities such as Surakarta, Yogyakarta, Pekalongan, Cirebon, Madura and other cities. The development of the batik industry not only increased people incomes but also on various environmental impact. The batik production process consists of several stages, each stage using different chemicals, so the impact is also different. This study, therefore, aims to compare the environmental impacts caused by each stage in the batik production process, in an that it can be seen where the process with the highest environmental impact can be proposed for further improvement. The parameters analyzed include Human Health, Ecosystem Quality and Resources. The result is a coloring that has the greatest environmental impact when compared to other processes. This was due to the use of chemicals for the coloring process, encompassing remasol, water glass, soda ash mixed with water. The many chemicals used cause the greatest environmental impact compared to other processes. Therefore, reducing and reusing of chemicals dyes for the subsequent coloring processes or the adoption of natural dyes from plants origin are capable of reducing the environmental impacts.