Proceedings of the 5th International Seminar of Public Health and Education, ISPHE 2020, 22 July 2020, Universitas Negeri Semarang, Semarang, Indonesia

Research Article

Stunting Risk Factors Based on Priority Region in Indonesia: 2018 National Basic Health Survey

  • @INPROCEEDINGS{10.4108/eai.22-7-2020.2300292,
        author={Mahalul  Azam and Muhamad Zakki Saefurrohim and Syed Mohamed Aljunid},
        title={Stunting Risk Factors Based on Priority Region in Indonesia: 2018 National Basic Health Survey},
        proceedings={Proceedings of the 5th International Seminar of Public Health and Education, ISPHE 2020, 22 July 2020, Universitas Negeri Semarang, Semarang, Indonesia},
        publisher={EAI},
        proceedings_a={ISPHE},
        year={2020},
        month={9},
        keywords={stunting risk factors priority region indonesia},
        doi={10.4108/eai.22-7-2020.2300292}
    }
    
  • Mahalul Azam
    Muhamad Zakki Saefurrohim
    Syed Mohamed Aljunid
    Year: 2020
    Stunting Risk Factors Based on Priority Region in Indonesia: 2018 National Basic Health Survey
    ISPHE
    EAI
    DOI: 10.4108/eai.22-7-2020.2300292
Mahalul Azam1,*, Muhamad Zakki Saefurrohim1, Syed Mohamed Aljunid2
  • 1: Universitas Negeri Semarang
  • 2: Kuwait University
*Contact email: mahalul.azam@mail.unnes.ac.id

Abstract

Current study aimed to explore the risk factors of stunting based on priority-region status in Indonesia. We extracted national basic health survey in 2018. We defined stunting based on height for age, which Z-score<-2.0, was categorized as stunting. Priority-region categorized by the National Team for Acceleration of Poverty Reduction, Republic of Indonesia, i.e., 100 priority-regions determined. We also observed children's characteristics, i.e., age, sex, birth weight and height, gestational age, weaning age, diarrhea, immunization, breastfeeding, and supplementary feeding. Parent's and household's characteristics were observed as well. Binary regression logistic was performed to conclude risk factors of stunting. We concluded that male children, lower mother's and father's height were the consistent risk factors for priority-, non-priority, and total-regions. Without consider priority-region, we concluded that family members, sex, access to health services, antenatal-care, mother's- and father' s-height, parent's education level, and ferrous-sulfate supplementation altogether were the risk factors for stunting in Indonesia