Proceedings of the 11th International Applied Business and Engineering Conference, ABEC 2023, September 21st, 2023, Bengkalis, Riau, Indonesia

Research Article

Design and Development of Coconut Shell Charcoal Machine using Pyrolysis method

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  • @INPROCEEDINGS{10.4108/eai.21-9-2023.2342966,
        author={Hilda  Porawati and Sandi Y.B. Zaqy and Sepriyanto  Sepriyanto and B Rivaldo P.S and Frans  Sibarani},
        title={Design and Development of Coconut Shell Charcoal Machine using Pyrolysis method},
        proceedings={Proceedings of the 11th International Applied Business and Engineering Conference, ABEC 2023, September 21st, 2023, Bengkalis, Riau, Indonesia},
        publisher={EAI},
        proceedings_a={ABEC},
        year={2024},
        month={2},
        keywords={coconut shell charcoal design pyrolysis},
        doi={10.4108/eai.21-9-2023.2342966}
    }
    
  • Hilda Porawati
    Sandi Y.B. Zaqy
    Sepriyanto Sepriyanto
    B Rivaldo P.S
    Frans Sibarani
    Year: 2024
    Design and Development of Coconut Shell Charcoal Machine using Pyrolysis method
    ABEC
    EAI
    DOI: 10.4108/eai.21-9-2023.2342966
Hilda Porawati1,*, Sandi Y.B. Zaqy1, Sepriyanto Sepriyanto1, B Rivaldo P.S1, Frans Sibarani1
  • 1: Politeknik Jambi
*Contact email: hildaporawati@politeknikjambi.ac.id

Abstract

Coconut shell, a solid waste product from the processing of coconut meat for milk, is the focus of this study. Coconut shells are generally used for fuel, household purposes, or souvenirs. The design of this coconut shell charcoal-making machine is made from a used steel drum with a tube inside that comes from a used steel can. The pyrolysis method used in this study involves processing coconut shell charcoal in a way that does not come into direct contact with oxygen. This treatment is expected that the coconut shell charcoal produced has low water and ash content. The pyrolysis process lasts 2 hours with the average temperature in the combustion furnace at 417 0C. In this study, 7 kg of raw material was tested, and after a 2-hour pyrolysis process, 5 kg of coconut shell charcoal was produced by using 26.000 kcal.