Proceedings of the 3rd Warmadewa Research and Development Seminar, WARDS 2020, 21 December 2020, Denpasar-Bali, Indonesia

Research Article

Nusa Penida in The Past and Present: A Study of The Pattern of Socio-Cultural Life From Agriculture to Tourism

Download249 downloads
  • @INPROCEEDINGS{10.4108/eai.21-12-2020.2305837,
        author={Ni Made  Suwendri and I Made  Mardika and Ida Bagus Astika Pidada},
        title={Nusa Penida in The Past and Present: A Study of The Pattern of Socio-Cultural Life From Agriculture to Tourism},
        proceedings={Proceedings of the 3rd Warmadewa Research and Development Seminar, WARDS 2020, 21 December 2020, Denpasar-Bali, Indonesia},
        publisher={EAI},
        proceedings_a={WARDS},
        year={2021},
        month={4},
        keywords={community pattern of life; traditional agriculture; tourism},
        doi={10.4108/eai.21-12-2020.2305837}
    }
    
  • Ni Made Suwendri
    I Made Mardika
    Ida Bagus Astika Pidada
    Year: 2021
    Nusa Penida in The Past and Present: A Study of The Pattern of Socio-Cultural Life From Agriculture to Tourism
    WARDS
    EAI
    DOI: 10.4108/eai.21-12-2020.2305837
Ni Made Suwendri1,*, I Made Mardika1, Ida Bagus Astika Pidada1
  • 1: Universitas Warmadewa, Denpasar-Bali, Indonesia
*Contact email: suwendri63@gmail.com

Abstract

Nusa Penida refers to a small island located across the mainland of Bali Island. Geographical condition of the island is made of a hilly limestone area which is often considered as an isolated area with a stagnant pattern of its inhabiting community life. In reality, however, Nusa Penida features a dynamically developing phenomenon of change. In respect of this condition, this study aims to reveal the pattern of the people’s socio-cultural life of Nusa Penida during traditional agriculture to tourism industry. The problem in this study were examined using three theories: Theory of Cultural Ecology, Structural-Functional Theory and Theory of Sociology of Tourism. The study was conducted using a qualitative research method with a historical approach. The research data were collected through an in-depth interview and literature study. Data were analysed using a qualitative descriptive method. The results showed that the pattern of the people’s socio-cultural life of Nusa Penida from agriculture to tourism, respectively, had its own characteristics, that is to say, traditional-agrarian, commercial-oriented traditional life patterns, and the tourism period led to the prominence of tourism services.