Smart City Summit Demos 2018, Guimaraes, Portugal, 21.-23. November 2018

Research Article

Using Compact LoRa Devices for In-Building Communications

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  • @INPROCEEDINGS{10.4108/eai.21-11-2018.2280604,
        author={Felisberto Pereira and Lopes I. S\^{e}rgio and Vieira M. N. Jos\^{e} and Carvalho Borges Carvalho and Curado Ant\^{o}nio},
        title={Using Compact LoRa Devices for In-Building Communications},
        proceedings={Smart City Summit Demos 2018, Guimaraes, Portugal, 21.-23. November 2018},
        keywords={green communications lora smart buildings},
  • Felisberto Pereira
    Lopes I. Sérgio
    Vieira M. N. José
    Carvalho Borges Carvalho
    Curado António
    Year: 2019
    Using Compact LoRa Devices for In-Building Communications
    DOI: 10.4108/eai.21-11-2018.2280604
Felisberto Pereira1,*, Lopes I. Sérgio1, Vieira M. N. José1, Carvalho Borges Carvalho1, Curado António2
  • 1: Instituto de Telecomunicações
  • 2: Instituto Politécnico de Viana do Castelo
*Contact email:


This work explores the limitations due to antenna design restrictions, that are normally responsible for design constraints, power issues, used materials and component placement (e.g. sensors, batteries, etc). The work focuses on the importance of the antenna design, considering many aspects as the presence of surrounding materials, the device’s encapsulation and the proximity between the antenna and other electronic cir-cuits. These aspects are especially important in devices designed for Smart Building applications where form, size, range, and power consumption im-pose severe restrictions. The proposed design features a reduced size embedded antenna and an ultra-low-power microcontroller to interface several sensors and actuators. The results obtained have shown that the proposed device can be used for com-munications, in line-of-sight for up to 4.2 km, in urban environments for up to 1.2 km and for in-building communications for up to 152 m, without compromising the low-power features that LoRa supports. This technology allows a node capable of measure CO2, Temperature, Humidity, and Air Pressure to be powered by a CR2477 coin cell (that has a power capacity of 1000 mAh) over a period of 3 years and 7 months, approximately. This demo explores the concept previously introduced in the context of a Smart Building, not only for in-building communications but also for communications between buildings by means of a set of compact LoRa devices in operation.