Proceedings of the International Conference on Environmental Law and Mining Law, ICTA II-MIL 2023, 21st October 2023, Pangkalpinang, Bangka Belitung, Indonesia

Research Article

The Application of the Longest Criminal Sanction for Illegal Miners for Environmental Conservation in the Bangka Belitung Islands Province

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  • @INPROCEEDINGS{10.4108/eai.21-10-2023.2343527,
        author={Maharani  Cahyanti},
        title={The Application of the Longest Criminal Sanction for Illegal Miners for Environmental Conservation in the Bangka Belitung Islands Province},
        proceedings={Proceedings of the International Conference on Environmental Law and Mining Law, ICTA II-MIL 2023, 21st October 2023, Pangkalpinang, Bangka Belitung, Indonesia},
        publisher={EAI},
        proceedings_a={ICTA II-MIL},
        year={2024},
        month={3},
        keywords={tin mining environmental damage conservation maximum sentence},
        doi={10.4108/eai.21-10-2023.2343527}
    }
    
  • Maharani Cahyanti
    Year: 2024
    The Application of the Longest Criminal Sanction for Illegal Miners for Environmental Conservation in the Bangka Belitung Islands Province
    ICTA II-MIL
    EAI
    DOI: 10.4108/eai.21-10-2023.2343527
Maharani Cahyanti1,*
  • 1: Magister of Law, Bangka Belitung University, Indonesia
*Contact email: cahyantirani87@gmail.com

Abstract

The Bangka Belitung Islands Province is one of the largest tin producers in Indonesia, where tin mining activities in the province are mostly carried out without permits or illegally. This not only occurs on land and at sea but has also encroached into protected forests, production forests, residential areas, and river basins, leading to various negative impacts in various sectors, such as environmental damage and financial losses for the state. According to Law Number 03 of 2020 concerning Amendments to Law Number 04 of 2009 concerning Mineral and Coal Mining, there are criminal sanctions and fines that can be imposed on illegal mining operators, whether they are illegal mining companies or individuals. It is hoped that these sanctions will serve as a deterrent to illegal miners, thereby putting an end to illegal tin mining in Bangka Belitung, and in turn, stopping environmental degradation for the better preservation of the environment for future generations. The type of research used in this paper is normative juridical because it refers to the applicable legal regulations found in statutory laws and regulations.