Proceedings of the 1st Hasanuddin International Conference on Social and Political Sciences, HICOSPOS 2019, 21-22 October 2019, Makassar, Indonesia

Research Article

Contributing Factors to Student Engagement: An Implementation of JD-R model in Indonesian context

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  • @INPROCEEDINGS{10.4108/eai.21-10-2019.2291588,
        author={Rahmat  Muhammad and Ashry  Sallatu and Nur  Akmal and Elvita  Bellani},
        title={Contributing Factors to Student Engagement: An Implementation of JD-R model in Indonesian context},
        proceedings={Proceedings of the 1st Hasanuddin International Conference on Social and Political Sciences, HICOSPOS 2019, 21-22 October 2019, Makassar, Indonesia},
        publisher={EAI},
        proceedings_a={HICOSPOS},
        year={2020},
        month={2},
        keywords={student engagement job resources personal resources indonesia},
        doi={10.4108/eai.21-10-2019.2291588}
    }
    
  • Rahmat Muhammad
    Ashry Sallatu
    Nur Akmal
    Elvita Bellani
    Year: 2020
    Contributing Factors to Student Engagement: An Implementation of JD-R model in Indonesian context
    HICOSPOS
    EAI
    DOI: 10.4108/eai.21-10-2019.2291588
Rahmat Muhammad1,*, Ashry Sallatu2, Nur Akmal3, Elvita Bellani4
  • 1: Department of Sociology, Universitas Hasanuddin
  • 2: Department of International Relations, Universitas Hasanuddin
  • 3: Department of Psychology, Universitas Negeri Makassar
  • 4: Department of Psychology, Universitas Hasanuddin,Makassar
*Contact email: rahmatmuhammad131@gmail.com

Abstract

Student engagement has been empirically proven contribute to academic achievement and individual well-being. However, only limited studies have examined contributing factors to student engagement, especially in Indonesia. This study aims to explore factors that contribute to student engagement in Indonesia there were 120 students aged 18-21 years participated in this study. An open-ended questionnaire was employed to collect data. The approach used to analyze data was thematic qualitative analysis. Categorization process was carried out in stages, starting from applied code to response, then categorize code to categories and subcategories, lastly, to summarize categories to more general categories, which are themes. The result of this research showed there were three resources that contribute to student engagement which are university resource (44%), personal resource (40%), and external resources besides the university (16%). The results of this study differ from the theoretical models of student engagement which propose that resources only consist of university resources and personal resources. Implications and future research are discussed.