Proceedings of the 1st Hasanuddin International Conference on Social and Political Sciences, HICOSPOS 2019, 21-22 October 2019, Makassar, Indonesia

Research Article

The Implications of Changing Maritime Security GeoStrategic Landscape of Southeast Asia Towards Indonesia’s “Jokowi” Contemporary Foreign Policy

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  • @INPROCEEDINGS{10.4108/eai.21-10-2019.2291585,
        author={Darwis Beddu and Abdul Razaq Cangara and Bama Andika Putra},
        title={The Implications of Changing Maritime Security GeoStrategic Landscape of Southeast Asia Towards Indonesia’s “Jokowi” Contemporary Foreign Policy},
        proceedings={Proceedings of the 1st Hasanuddin International Conference on Social and Political Sciences, HICOSPOS 2019, 21-22 October 2019, Makassar, Indonesia},
        publisher={EAI},
        proceedings_a={HICOSPOS},
        year={2020},
        month={2},
        keywords={maritime security indonesia’s foreign policy southeast asia jokowi south china sea},
        doi={10.4108/eai.21-10-2019.2291585}
    }
    
  • Darwis Beddu
    Abdul Razaq Cangara
    Bama Andika Putra
    Year: 2020
    The Implications of Changing Maritime Security GeoStrategic Landscape of Southeast Asia Towards Indonesia’s “Jokowi” Contemporary Foreign Policy
    HICOSPOS
    EAI
    DOI: 10.4108/eai.21-10-2019.2291585
Darwis Beddu1,*, Abdul Razaq Cangara1, Bama Andika Putra1
  • 1: Department of International Relations, Faculty of Social and Political Sciences, Hasanuddin University
*Contact email: dbundhy@yahoo.com

Abstract

This study intends to expose Indonesia’s national interest and foreign policy response towards the waning power of the United States (US) and the rise of China’s power and dominance in Southeast Asia. It then finds that Indonesia's core national interest is to defend its offshore territorial integrity bordering to South China Sea, potentially encroached by China. Also, the policy response has been about redefining its foreign policy, moving from Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono administration’s focus on centralizing ASEAN to deal with conflictual dynamics US-China relations in Southeast Asia, towards establishing a more nationalistic foreign policy approach branded as Global Maritime Fulcrum, exposing a hedging strategy that combines balancing and engagement strategy towards China. Through balancing strategy, Indonesia still maintains defensive-careful behaviour towards China's assertiveness in the region. Meanwhile, through engagement strategy, Indonesia cooperates with China through its Belt and Road Initiative (BRI), expected to provide financial assistance for the realization of Global Maritime Fulcrum’s infrastructure projects.