Proceedings of the 1st Hasanuddin International Conference on Social and Political Sciences, HICOSPOS 2019, 21-22 October 2019, Makassar, Indonesia

Research Article

Social Trust of Indonesia’s Post Conflict Society: A Case Study of Poso Regency

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  • @INPROCEEDINGS{10.4108/eai.21-10-2019.2291516,
        author={Dwia Aries Tina Pulubuhu and Muhammad Ramli AT and Andi Ahmad Yani and Muhammad  Arsyad and Amril  Hans and Sitti  Halwatiah},
        title={Social Trust of Indonesia’s Post Conflict Society: A Case Study of Poso Regency},
        proceedings={Proceedings of the 1st Hasanuddin International Conference on Social and Political Sciences, HICOSPOS 2019, 21-22 October 2019, Makassar, Indonesia},
        publisher={EAI},
        proceedings_a={HICOSPOS},
        year={2020},
        month={2},
        keywords={social trust post conflict society poso indonesia},
        doi={10.4108/eai.21-10-2019.2291516}
    }
    
  • Dwia Aries Tina Pulubuhu
    Muhammad Ramli AT
    Andi Ahmad Yani
    Muhammad Arsyad
    Amril Hans
    Sitti Halwatiah
    Year: 2020
    Social Trust of Indonesia’s Post Conflict Society: A Case Study of Poso Regency
    HICOSPOS
    EAI
    DOI: 10.4108/eai.21-10-2019.2291516
Dwia Aries Tina Pulubuhu1,*, Muhammad Ramli AT1, Andi Ahmad Yani2, Muhammad Arsyad3, Amril Hans2, Sitti Halwatiah4
  • 1: Department of Sociology, Hasanuddin University, Makassar
  • 2: Department of Administrative Science, Hasanuddin University, Makassar
  • 3: Department of Socio-economics of Agriculture, Hasanuddin University, Indonesia
  • 4: Department of Administrative Science, Hasanuddin University,
*Contact email: dwiatn@yahoo.com

Abstract

Social trust is one of fundamental components of social capital. However, trust is generally seen as one of major social element that is weakening in a post conflict society. This study focuses on Poso society which experienced violent ethno-religious conflict which was erupted during Indonesian political transition in 1999. The study attempts to mapping Poso society’s social trust after almost two decades of Malino peace agreement in 2001. The study employed mixed method and conducted survey, interview and focus group discussion to collect data. There were 450 questionnaires were distributed and 373 respondents or 83 percent were returned. The data was analyzed by descriptive statistical method with frequency and percentage to analyze trend of respondents' tendency to their degree of social trust. This research shows quite clearly that the level of trust of the population towards other parties in areas that have experienced conflict is quite low. The extent of mistrust on the other side is evident both to those of their own ethnicity or religion, as well as to those of different ethnicities and religions. Even so, there was a distribution of respondents who increased their distrust if the other parties were also different in religion and ethnicity. This shows that postconflict

social recovery efforts that have so far not been fully successful in improving trust between members of the community