Proceedings of the Third International Seminar on Recent Language, Literature, and Local Culture Studies, BASA, 20-21 September 2019, Surakarta, Central Java, Indonesia

Research Article

A Corpus-based Study of Verbs Which are Modified by Qualitative Adverb in Indonesian

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  • @INPROCEEDINGS{10.4108/eai.20-9-2019.2296948,
        author={K  Fajrianisa and T  Suhardijanto and Z  Nuriah},
        title={A Corpus-based Study of Verbs Which are Modified by Qualitative Adverb in Indonesian },
        proceedings={Proceedings of the Third International Seminar on Recent Language, Literature, and Local Culture Studies, BASA, 20-21 September 2019, Surakarta, Central Java, Indonesia},
        publisher={EAI},
        proceedings_a={BASA},
        year={2020},
        month={6},
        keywords={adjective adverb corpus qualitative adverb verb verb type},
        doi={10.4108/eai.20-9-2019.2296948}
    }
    
  • K Fajrianisa
    T Suhardijanto
    Z Nuriah
    Year: 2020
    A Corpus-based Study of Verbs Which are Modified by Qualitative Adverb in Indonesian
    BASA
    EAI
    DOI: 10.4108/eai.20-9-2019.2296948
K Fajrianisa1,*, T Suhardijanto1, Z Nuriah1
  • 1: Universitas Indonesia
*Contact email: khairani.fajrianisa71@ui.ac.id

Abstract

Indonesian qualitative adverb, sangat ‘very’, tend to be used as parameter to distinguish verbs and adjectives. If a word is modified by sangat and form grammatical phrase, the word is likely an adjective, e.g. sangat cantik ‘very beautiful’. Otherwise, the word is a verb if it forms ungrammatical phrase with sangat, e.g. sangat menari ‘very dance’ which is not accepted in Indonesian language. According to this fact, this research aims to investigate which type of verb that can accept modification with qualitative adverb, in this case is sangat ‘very’. This study is a corpus-based grammar research which is still rarely applied in Indonesian grammar, especially in verb and adverb study. Corpus Indonesian Web (IndonesianWac) is used to provide various data which qualitative adverb sangat appear with verbs in Indonesian language. Data of this research are all verbs that accept modification with sangat. The verbs then will be categorized according to its verb type. The verb types used in this study is verb type by Chafe and Cook which has been modified by Tampubolon. The results of the concluded that most of verb that accept modification by sangat ‘very’ is derivative verb. The verbs are state verbs which is divided as state verb, state experiential verb, and state benefactive verb.