Proceedings of the Third International Seminar on Recent Language, Literature, and Local Culture Studies, BASA, 20-21 September 2019, Surakarta, Central Java, Indonesia

Research Article

Frequency and structure of Indonesian lexical bundles on academic prose in legal studies: A driven-corpus approach

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  • @INPROCEEDINGS{10.4108/eai.20-9-2019.2296703,
        author={Adi  Budiwiyanto and Totok  Suhardijanto},
        title={Frequency and structure of Indonesian lexical  bundles on academic prose in legal studies: A driven-corpus approach},
        proceedings={Proceedings of the Third International Seminar on Recent Language, Literature, and Local Culture Studies, BASA, 20-21 September 2019, Surakarta, Central Java, Indonesia},
        publisher={EAI},
        proceedings_a={BASA},
        year={2020},
        month={6},
        keywords={lexical bundle academic prose corpus frequency structure},
        doi={10.4108/eai.20-9-2019.2296703}
    }
    
  • Adi Budiwiyanto
    Totok Suhardijanto
    Year: 2020
    Frequency and structure of Indonesian lexical bundles on academic prose in legal studies: A driven-corpus approach
    BASA
    EAI
    DOI: 10.4108/eai.20-9-2019.2296703
Adi Budiwiyanto1,*, Totok Suhardijanto1
  • 1: Universitas Indonesia
*Contact email: adibudiwiyanto@gmail.com

Abstract

Lexical bundles are important elements in academic writing. Lexical bundles have been defined as combination of three or more words which are identified in a corpus of natural language by means of corpus analysis program. Every register has their own characteristics. This study aims to describe the frequency and structure of lndonesian lexical bundles on academic prose in legal studies. In this study, the identification of lexical bundles uses a frequency cutoff of 40 per million word that occurs at least within 5 different texts using AntConc computer program. The results reveal that there are 475 lexical bundles, ranging from three to seven words, and mostly composed in three-word combination, such as oleh karena itu ‘because of that’, dalam hal ini ‘in this case’ and yang dilakukan oleh ‘which is done by’. Among the four types of academic prose, journal article has the highest number of lexical bundles. In addition to the structural classification, it is found that the corpus has around 68,25 percent incomplete structures of phrase and clause. The patterns of yang + verb + prepositional phrase fragments (e.g., yang diatur dalam, yang ditetapkan oleh, yang berhubungan dengan); noun phrase + yang-relative clause fragments (e.g., alat bukti yang, aturan hukum yang, hukum pidana yang, ketentuan hukum yang); preposition + noun phrase fragments (dalam jangka waktu, dalam ketentuan pasal, dalam undang-undang nomor) are commonly used in this register.