Proceedings of the 3rd International Colloquium on Interdisciplinary Islamic Studies, ICIIS 2020, 20-21 October 2020, Jakarta, Indonesia

Research Article

Re-reading Ruqyah: Comprehensive Analysis of Ruqyah within Hadith, Medicine, and Psychological Perspective

Download2265 downloads
  • @INPROCEEDINGS{10.4108/eai.20-10-2020.2305139,
        author={M. Iqbal Syauqi Al Ghiffary and Ahmad Azwar Habibi and Sayid  Ridho and Dini  Permana Sari and Ahmad Ubaydi Hasbillah and Sobri Al Majid and Zaitunah  Subhan and Hamka  Hasan},
        title={Re-reading Ruqyah: Comprehensive Analysis of Ruqyah within Hadith, Medicine, and Psychological Perspective},
        proceedings={Proceedings of the 3rd International Colloquium on Interdisciplinary Islamic Studies, ICIIS 2020, 20-21 October 2020, Jakarta, Indonesia},
        publisher={EAI},
        proceedings_a={ICIIS},
        year={2021},
        month={4},
        keywords={ruqyah hadith medical science psychotherapy},
        doi={10.4108/eai.20-10-2020.2305139}
    }
    
  • M. Iqbal Syauqi Al Ghiffary
    Ahmad Azwar Habibi
    Sayid Ridho
    Dini Permana Sari
    Ahmad Ubaydi Hasbillah
    Sobri Al Majid
    Zaitunah Subhan
    Hamka Hasan
    Year: 2021
    Re-reading Ruqyah: Comprehensive Analysis of Ruqyah within Hadith, Medicine, and Psychological Perspective
    ICIIS
    EAI
    DOI: 10.4108/eai.20-10-2020.2305139
M. Iqbal Syauqi Al Ghiffary1,*, Ahmad Azwar Habibi2, Sayid Ridho1, Dini Permana Sari3, Ahmad Ubaydi Hasbillah4, Sobri Al Majid3, Zaitunah Subhan3, Hamka Hasan3
  • 1: Faculty of Medicine of Syarif Hidayatullah State Islamic University, Jakarta, Indonesia
  • 2: Darus Sunnah International Institute for Hadith Sciences, Jakarta, Indonesia
  • 3: Graduate School of Syarif Hidayatullah State Islamic University, Jakarta
  • 4: Perguruan Tinggi Ilmu Al-Qur’an
*Contact email: miqbal.syauqi75@mhs.uinjkt.ac.id

Abstract

Prophetic Medicine is the total authentic Hadith and the tradition of the Prophet Muhammad about medicine. It includes diet manners, natural remedies, and management of illness. In addition to this tradition, the Prophet also taught spiritual treatment containing Qur'anic verses and some prayers which must be read when the sick person comes. There are contradictions between hadith which contains ruqyah theme. One is prohibited, and another was permitted. This article determined ruqyah based on hadith understanding in three perspectives: takhrij, narration analysis, and fiqh al-hadith. This article also describes how far it is applied in modern medical practice. From takhrij with the thematical approach, the popularity of ruqyah practice in the Prophet’s life was accepted. It was be prohibited by Prophet in recent age because it may contain shirk, but in a later era, ruqyah was permitted. From narrations analysis, concluded the main aspect of ruqyah is to revive spirituality through asking protection from God, and ruqyah may be applied in various methods. From fiqh al-hadith analyze that ruqyah is allowed by using the Arabic language, or other words in other languages that are understood by the client and may not contains shirk. In modern medical practice, ruqyah may apply as a supporting matter for diagnostic and therapy process comfortably, in the medical science and psychological perspective.