1st International Conference on Science and Technology, ICOST 2019, 2-3 May, Makassar, Indonesia

Research Article

Biodegradation of Cocoa Pod Husk Waste used Rot Fungi Consortium at Various Storage Times

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  • @INPROCEEDINGS{10.4108/eai.2-5-2019.2284691,
        author={Iradhatullah  Rahim and Jumardin  Jumardin and Suherman  Suherman and Andi  Nasruddin},
        title={Biodegradation of Cocoa Pod Husk Waste used Rot Fungi Consortium at Various Storage Times},
        proceedings={1st International Conference on Science and Technology, ICOST 2019, 2-3 May, Makassar, Indonesia},
        publisher={EAI},
        proceedings_a={ICOST},
        year={2019},
        month={6},
        keywords={storage times consortium biodegradator fresh cocoa pod husk},
        doi={10.4108/eai.2-5-2019.2284691}
    }
    
  • Iradhatullah Rahim
    Jumardin Jumardin
    Suherman Suherman
    Andi Nasruddin
    Year: 2019
    Biodegradation of Cocoa Pod Husk Waste used Rot Fungi Consortium at Various Storage Times
    ICOST
    EAI
    DOI: 10.4108/eai.2-5-2019.2284691
Iradhatullah Rahim1,*, Jumardin Jumardin1, Suherman Suherman1, Andi Nasruddin2
  • 1: Department of Agritechnology, Faculty of Agriculture, Animal Husbandry, and Fisheries, Universitas Muhammadiyah Parepare. Indonesia. 91113
  • 2: Department of Plant Pests and Diseases, Faculty of Agriculture, Universitas Hasanuddin. Indonesia. 90245
*Contact email: iradhat76@gmail.com

Abstract

Cocoa pods is only considered as waste and was not utilized. Even though the utilization of cocoa pod husk waste was enough extensive, as a nutrient-rich fertilizer for plants. Degradation of cocoa pod husk waste naturally takes a long time, so could needed acceleration to degraded by using rot fungi. The purpose of this study was to determine the ability of rot fungi consortium to degraded cocoa pod husk waste at various time of storage. Then to know percentage of lignocellulotics, weight loss, C/N ratio, and the nutrient content produced from the biodegradation process. The cocoa pod husk waste that has been chopped were inoculated with a consortium of Mycena sp., Tremella sp., and Pleurotus sp.. and fermented for 40 days at room temperature. The results showed that the lowest percentage of weight loss was on fresh cocoa pod husk, and the highest weight loss up to 2.3% in cocoa pod husk which was stored 30 days. The highest levels of C and P on cocoa pod stored 90 days and fermented 60 days, respectively at 8.98% and 0.59%. It’s showed that the best cocoa pods for compost were 90 days stored. Consortium of Mycena sp., Tremella sp., and Pleurotus sp. was a biodegradator for plantation crops waste that has the potential to be developed.