1st International Conference on Science and Technology, ICOST 2019, 2-3 May, Makassar, Indonesia

Research Article

Preparation of Hydrogel Chitosan Co-Polyacrilamide Crosslinked Glutaraldehyde

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  • @INPROCEEDINGS{10.4108/eai.2-5-2019.2284680,
        author={Halimahtussadiyah  Ritonga and Muhammad  Nurdin and Fransiskus S. Rembon and L.O.A.N.  Ramadhan and Fitriana  Fitriana},
        title={Preparation of Hydrogel Chitosan Co-Polyacrilamide Crosslinked Glutaraldehyde},
        proceedings={1st International Conference on Science and Technology, ICOST 2019, 2-3 May, Makassar, Indonesia},
        publisher={EAI},
        proceedings_a={ICOST},
        year={2019},
        month={6},
        keywords={hydrogel glutaraldehyde crosslinking soil conditioner chitosan acrylamide swelling soil mining area},
        doi={10.4108/eai.2-5-2019.2284680}
    }
    
  • Halimahtussadiyah Ritonga
    Muhammad Nurdin
    Fransiskus S. Rembon
    L.O.A.N. Ramadhan
    Fitriana Fitriana
    Year: 2019
    Preparation of Hydrogel Chitosan Co-Polyacrilamide Crosslinked Glutaraldehyde
    ICOST
    EAI
    DOI: 10.4108/eai.2-5-2019.2284680
Halimahtussadiyah Ritonga1,*, Muhammad Nurdin1, Fransiskus S. Rembon2, L.O.A.N. Ramadhan1, Fitriana Fitriana1
  • 1: Departement of Chemistry, Faculty of Mathematical and Natural Science, Universitas Halu Oleo, Indonesia. 93132
  • 2: Department of Soil Science, Faculty of Agriculture, Universitas Halu Oleo, Indonesia. 93132
*Contact email: halimahhalimah124@yahoo.ac.id

Abstract

Chitosan co-polyacrylamide hydrogel crosslinked has been prepared by glutaraldehyde to obtain the unique material as soil remediation for agriculture applications which play a role in water storage to increase plant fertility. In this study, we examine the compositions effect of hydrogel material, the optimum concentration of glutaraldehyde as crosslinker, and hydrogel properties. Based on the results, the hydrogel successfully synthesized through chemical crosslinking methods that the 0.53 g, 1.06 g, and 1.59 g of glutaraldehyde to (0.9:5.1), (1.2:4.8) and (1.5:4.5) grams of chitosan and acrylamide were used to increase the degree of swelling properties KKPAG105 396.17% (0.9:5.1) and KKPAG205 262.51% (1.2:4.8), respectively. Subsequently, Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) was characterized to identify functional groups of hydrogel material shows that the existing functional groups of OH overlapping with NH at 3446.72 cm-1 from chitosan, C=O at 1633.49 cm-1 from glutaraldehyde, and C=N 1433.11 cm-1 from polyacrylamide. In addition, morphologically has been identified by Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM) that the chitosan co-polyacrylamide hydrogel crosslinked by glutaraldehyde which is pores formed for passing water absorption. Based on this study, we can be able to utilize in regeneration of soil mining area.