Proceedings of the 2nd Universitas Kuningan International Conference on System, Engineering, and Technology, UNISET 2021, 2 December 2021, Kuningan, West Java, Indonesia

Research Article

Network Embeddedness Factor in Farmer Silvicultural System

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  • @INPROCEEDINGS{10.4108/eai.2-12-2021.2320259,
        author={Deni  Deni and Toto  Supartono and Iing  Nasihin and Muhammad Andi Yusuf},
        title={Network Embeddedness Factor in Farmer Silvicultural System},
        proceedings={Proceedings of the 2nd Universitas Kuningan International Conference on System, Engineering, and Technology, UNISET 2021, 2 December 2021, Kuningan, West Java, Indonesia},
        publisher={EAI},
        proceedings_a={UNISET},
        year={2022},
        month={8},
        keywords={silvicultural system; farming; farmers; forest},
        doi={10.4108/eai.2-12-2021.2320259}
    }
    
  • Deni Deni
    Toto Supartono
    Iing Nasihin
    Muhammad Andi Yusuf
    Year: 2022
    Network Embeddedness Factor in Farmer Silvicultural System
    UNISET
    EAI
    DOI: 10.4108/eai.2-12-2021.2320259
Deni Deni1,*, Toto Supartono1, Iing Nasihin1, Muhammad Andi Yusuf1
  • 1: Universitas Kuningan, Kuningan, Indonesia
*Contact email: deni@uniku.ac.id

Abstract

The decision of farmers to apply the silvicultural system is influenced by socio-economic and cultural factors. Many farmers use simple tree planting and maintenance patterns. Forest farmers have certain limitations in implementing forest plant cultivation systems, these limits include : 1) land tenure; 2) access to knowledge and 3) access to capital and markets. These limitations are thought to be closely related to the social network factor (network embeddedness). This study aims to reveal the relationship between social networks and the silvicultural system used by forest farmers, including local social networks, markets, capital and knowledge that shape silvicultural practices. The data collection technique used in-depth interviews with farmers, traders, wood sawmill and those involved in the value chain. The results showed that silvicultural practices carried out by farmers were closely related to social networking factors. The form of social networking in the study area is an over-embeddedness pattern where the network structure. This network has an important role in making decisions about silvicultural methods. The “external” social network has not been effective in forming a strong tie due to the “pseudo” relationship between farmers and their external network. The pattern of over-embeddedness network structure has formed a simple silvicultural system which causes the incentives for forest products to be relatively low.