Proceedings of the 2nd Universitas Kuningan International Conference on System, Engineering, and Technology, UNISET 2021, 2 December 2021, Kuningan, West Java, Indonesia

Research Article

Ecological Distribution of Ficus Spp in Kuningan District, West Java, Indonesia

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  • @INPROCEEDINGS{10.4108/eai.2-12-2021.2320221,
        author={Yayan  Hendrayana and Ilham  Adhya and Toto  Supartono and Dede  Kosasih and Fahrul Shobarudin Syahban},
        title={Ecological Distribution of Ficus Spp in Kuningan District, West Java, Indonesia},
        proceedings={Proceedings of the 2nd Universitas Kuningan International Conference on System, Engineering, and Technology, UNISET 2021, 2 December 2021, Kuningan, West Java, Indonesia},
        publisher={EAI},
        proceedings_a={UNISET},
        year={2022},
        month={8},
        keywords={ecological distribution; ficus spp; distributio ficus spp},
        doi={10.4108/eai.2-12-2021.2320221}
    }
    
  • Yayan Hendrayana
    Ilham Adhya
    Toto Supartono
    Dede Kosasih
    Fahrul Shobarudin Syahban
    Year: 2022
    Ecological Distribution of Ficus Spp in Kuningan District, West Java, Indonesia
    UNISET
    EAI
    DOI: 10.4108/eai.2-12-2021.2320221
Yayan Hendrayana1,*, Ilham Adhya1, Toto Supartono1, Dede Kosasih1, Fahrul Shobarudin Syahban1
  • 1: Faculty of Forestry, Universitas Kuningan, Kuningan, Indonesia
*Contact email: yayan.hendrayana@uniku.ac.id

Abstract

Ficus spp is a group of plants which has high diversity and generally found in lowland ecosystems. Information about ecological distribution of Ficus spp in Kuningan District was carried out through literature studies, field observations and herbarium materials. The materials and methods used in this study were the locations where of Ficus spp and herbarium grew. The purpose of this study was to determine the ekological distribution of Ficus spp. in Kuningan District. The results showed that Ficus spp found consisted of 24 species scattered in lowland forest ecosystems in the north, south, west and east of Kuningan District. The highest number of species found was in the eastern part of Kuningan District with 19 species, while the smallest number was in the western part of Kuningan District. namely 5 species. The name of Ficus spp found in all locations were Ficus ampelas Burm.f., Ficus fistulosa Reinw.ex Blume , and Ficus variegata Blume. Tree habitus is the one that dominates the distribution of Ficus spp, which is as much as 79,17% of the total species found, while the place where it grows is found at an altitude of 500 m asl - 1,300 m asl. It can be conclude that Ficus spp. can grow in the lowlands, especially areas that are disturbed and the distribution of the genus is very wide.