Proceedings of the 4th International Indonesia Conference on Interdisciplinary Studies, IICIS 2023, 2 November 2023, Bandar Lampung, Lampung, Indonesia

Research Article

Psychological Well-Being of The Elderly of The Rejang Tribe in Bengkulu

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  • @INPROCEEDINGS{10.4108/eai.2-11-2023.2343309,
        author={Nurhayati  Darubekti and Sri Handayani  Hanum and Sumarto  Widiono},
        title={Psychological Well-Being of The Elderly of The Rejang Tribe in Bengkulu},
        proceedings={Proceedings of the 4th International Indonesia Conference on Interdisciplinary Studies, IICIS 2023, 2 November 2023, Bandar Lampung, Lampung, Indonesia},
        publisher={EAI},
        proceedings_a={IICIS},
        year={2024},
        month={2},
        keywords={collectivism culture elderly psychological well-being socio-demographic},
        doi={10.4108/eai.2-11-2023.2343309}
    }
    
  • Nurhayati Darubekti
    Sri Handayani Hanum
    Sumarto Widiono
    Year: 2024
    Psychological Well-Being of The Elderly of The Rejang Tribe in Bengkulu
    IICIS
    EAI
    DOI: 10.4108/eai.2-11-2023.2343309
Nurhayati Darubekti1,*, Sri Handayani Hanum1, Sumarto Widiono1
  • 1: University of Bengkulu
*Contact email: ndarubekti@unib.ac.id

Abstract

Bengkulu Province is transitioning towards an older population structure. Demographic and socio-economic factors are significant drivers of psychological well-being. Therefore, further understanding of the psychological well-being of older adults is needed. The research method uses a qualitative research type. The research subjects were elderly people from the Rejang tribe in Bengkulu. The three main tools used are participant observation, in-depth interviews, and focus group discussions. Ryff's Psychological Well-Being Scale (RPWB) 18 items was also used to measure an individual's psychological well-being. This research found that, the psychological well-being of elderly women had higher scores in relationships with others and in personal growth, while elderly men scored better in self-acceptance, autonomy, purpose in life, and mastery of the environment. Culture influences every aspect of life. The dominant norms relate to group togetherness and connectedness. Group goals are more valued than individual preferences, more motivated to maintain harmony in interpersonal relationships. Conditions that support individual connectedness foster motivation and involvement in activities while increasing performance, persistence and creativity. Values of filial piety promote a positive view and high regard for aging and older adults.