Proceedings of the 3rd International Symposium on Religious Life, ISRL 2020, 2-5 November 2020, Bogor, Indonesia

Research Article

Tarekat Tajul Khalwatiyah Syekh Yusuf Gowa Between Conflict and Asceticism

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  • @INPROCEEDINGS{10.4108/eai.2-11-2020.2305066,
        author={Raudatul  Ulum and Rita Sukma Dewi},
        title={Tarekat Tajul Khalwatiyah Syekh Yusuf Gowa Between Conflict and Asceticism},
        proceedings={Proceedings of the 3rd International Symposium on Religious Life, ISRL 2020, 2-5 November 2020, Bogor, Indonesia},
        publisher={EAI},
        proceedings_a={ISRL},
        year={2021},
        month={3},
        keywords={tajul khalwatiyah puang la'lang wahdatun nafs wahdatul wujud mui gowa},
        doi={10.4108/eai.2-11-2020.2305066}
    }
    
  • Raudatul Ulum
    Rita Sukma Dewi
    Year: 2021
    Tarekat Tajul Khalwatiyah Syekh Yusuf Gowa Between Conflict and Asceticism
    ISRL
    EAI
    DOI: 10.4108/eai.2-11-2020.2305066
Raudatul Ulum1,*, Rita Sukma Dewi2
  • 1: Researcher at the Research and Development Center for Religion and Religious Services
  • 2: Research and Development Agency and training of the Ministry of Religion
*Contact email: gelombanglaut@gmail.com

Abstract

Khalwatiyah in South Sulawesi is a tarekat founded by Syekh Yusuf Makassar. After the exile of the founder to Cape Town until 2018, at least four variants of the tarekat emerged in Makassar and Gowa. One sect called Tajul Khalwatiyah Syekh Yusuf Gowa claims to be the recipient of the most valid tarekat path. Various teachings put forward by Puang La'lang as murshid from this sect, caused a lot of controversy, especially around Gowa Regency. The controversy culminated until finally MUI Gowa issued a fatwa stating that the Tajul Khalwatiyah sect Syekh Yusuf Gowa was a cult. This research found several things that caused tension, especially that the teachings of the khalwatiyah Syekh Yusuf under the leadership of Puang La'lang emphasized that the Wahdatun Nafs was transformed into Wahdatul Wujud. The three main variants of the Tarekat Khalwatiyah, including MUI Gowa reject all of the Puang La'lang claims. They cannot accept some practices of worship which they consider outside the provisions of sharia and fiqh. Based on the data obtained, we can conclude that the tension that arose was caused by several principles in the tarekat being issued to the public, even though these principles should be an important confidentiality to be maintained.