Proceedings of the 3rd International Symposium on Religious Life, ISRL 2020, 2-5 November 2020, Bogor, Indonesia

Research Article

Intermestic Factors of Indonesia’s Halal Certification

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  • @INPROCEEDINGS{10.4108/eai.2-11-2020.2305029,
        author={Adkhilni Mudkhola Sidqi and Akmal Salim Ruhana},
        title={Intermestic Factors of Indonesia’s Halal Certification},
        proceedings={Proceedings of the 3rd International Symposium on Religious Life, ISRL 2020, 2-5 November 2020, Bogor, Indonesia},
        keywords={halal law intermestic wto international trade},
  • Adkhilni Mudkhola Sidqi
    Akmal Salim Ruhana
    Year: 2021
    Intermestic Factors of Indonesia’s Halal Certification
    DOI: 10.4108/eai.2-11-2020.2305029
Adkhilni Mudkhola Sidqi1,*, Akmal Salim Ruhana2
  • 1: Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Indonesia
  • 2: Ministry of Religious Affairs, Indonesia
*Contact email:


The halal industry has become a thoughtful concern not only in Muslim countries but also the world. In Indonesia, the halal certification has been reinforced by Act number 33/2014 on halal guarantee products, which, among other things, requires all products to enter Indonesia to be halal certified. Several countries raised this mandatory halal certification at the World Trade Organization (WTO) sessions and Dispute Settlement Body Panel considering that as unnecessarily restrictive trade barriers. On the other hand, the implementation of the halal law is also constrained domestically. This paper discusses the interrelationship between the domestic and international dynamics of Indonesia’s halal law enactment. This research using a qualitative approach collects data from literature reviews and online interviews with several authoritative parties both at home (government, parliament, halal NGO, and business associations) and abroad (Indonesian Embassies and halal certification bodies in European countries). By deploying an intermestic (international-domestic) approach, this research finds that the dynamic process of halal law implementation in Indonesia has a significant effect internationally. The international dynamic could also arguably jeopardize the implementation of halal law domestically. This study sees the intermestic factors of halal certification that need to be realized.