Proceedings of the 1st Conference of Visual Art, Design, and Social Humanities by Faculty of Art and Design, CONVASH 2019, 2 November 2019, Surakarta, Central Java, Indonesia

Research Article

Characters Behavior in the Novel “Orang-orang Biasa” by Andrea Hirata (Literary Psychology Review)

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  • @INPROCEEDINGS{10.4108/eai.2-11-2019.2294784,
        author={Marfuah  Unsayaini and Andayani  Andayani and Sahid Teguh Widodo},
        title={Characters Behavior in the Novel “Orang-orang Biasa” by Andrea Hirata (Literary Psychology Review)},
        proceedings={Proceedings of the 1st Conference of Visual Art, Design, and Social Humanities by Faculty of Art and Design, CONVASH 2019,  2 November 2019, Surakarta, Central Java, Indonesia},
        publisher={EAI},
        proceedings_a={CONVASH},
        year={2020},
        month={8},
        keywords={orang-orang biasa andrea hirata skinner literary psychology behavior analysis},
        doi={10.4108/eai.2-11-2019.2294784}
    }
    
  • Marfuah Unsayaini
    Andayani Andayani
    Sahid Teguh Widodo
    Year: 2020
    Characters Behavior in the Novel “Orang-orang Biasa” by Andrea Hirata (Literary Psychology Review)
    CONVASH
    EAI
    DOI: 10.4108/eai.2-11-2019.2294784
Marfuah Unsayaini1,*, Andayani Andayani1, Sahid Teguh Widodo1
  • 1: Sebelas Maret University, Surakarta , Indonesia
*Contact email: fuah.unsayaini@yahoo.co.id

Abstract

Behavioral analysis is Skinner's approach to studying behavior which assumes that human actions are formed primarily by a history of individual personal reinforcement, and subsequently determined by natural selection and cultural practice. This article aims to analyze the behavior of the main character in Andrea Hirata's Orang-orang Biasa using the theory of Skinner's behavior analysis which says that human behavior is formed by three forces, namely natural selection, cultural practice, and a person's history of reinforcement. This research is in the form of qualitative descriptive with content analysis method. The results showed that : 1) The behavior of Aini's character studied earnestly to enter the Faculty of Medicine and Dragon who chose him regarding the theft he did was influenced by positive reinforcement, while the behavior of Akhirudin who was not enthusiastic at work and Dinah who is willing to do anything so that her child enters the Faculty of Medicine is influenced by negative reinforcement ; 2) Natural selection influences Dinah's behavior to survive supporting her children by trading toys after her husband's death ; 3) Cultural evolution affects the behavior of Awaludin's debut to find information and shop through internet technology.