Proceedings of the 1st Conference of Visual Art, Design, and Social Humanities by Faculty of Art and Design, CONVASH 2019, 2 November 2019, Surakarta, Central Java, Indonesia

Research Article

Nias Warrior’s Armor and its Fundamental Values

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  • @INPROCEEDINGS{10.4108/eai.2-11-2019.2294780,
        author={Kezia Clarissa Langi and Setiawan  Sabana and Hafiz Aziz Ahmad},
        title={Nias Warrior’s Armor and its Fundamental Values},
        proceedings={Proceedings of the 1st Conference of Visual Art, Design, and Social Humanities by Faculty of Art and Design, CONVASH 2019,  2 November 2019, Surakarta, Central Java, Indonesia},
        publisher={EAI},
        proceedings_a={CONVASH},
        year={2020},
        month={8},
        keywords={armor fundamental meaning heritage identity nias psychology of dress},
        doi={10.4108/eai.2-11-2019.2294780}
    }
    
  • Kezia Clarissa Langi
    Setiawan Sabana
    Hafiz Aziz Ahmad
    Year: 2020
    Nias Warrior’s Armor and its Fundamental Values
    CONVASH
    EAI
    DOI: 10.4108/eai.2-11-2019.2294780
Kezia Clarissa Langi1,*, Setiawan Sabana1, Hafiz Aziz Ahmad1
  • 1: Faculty of Art and Design, Institut Teknologi Bandung, Indonesia
*Contact email: kezialangi91@students.itb.ac.id

Abstract

Nias headhunter (human head collectors) was once a feared and victorious warrior. The society is famous of its complex social structures, anti-earthquake architecture, detailed wooden and stone statuary, along with its vicious warriors. Since the independence of Indonesia, war costume production stopped. Moreover, the need to pay taxes and daily necessities causes the once great warriors into abandoning his identity completely. For tourism purposes, war costume is produced with cheap materials and less details, resulting in losing its fundamental meanings. This paper aims to analyze Nias unique war costume, specifically the armor and its fundamental values based on the armor’s structural design and materials. The data were obtained by ethnographic research in Nias Heritage Museum and the village of Bawomataluo. Literature research were done by collecting cultural and historical books, historical images, previous research article and journals related to Nias custom, history, and war issues. The data were then analyzed using the psychology of dress theory by creating a dialogue between the Nias armor and the self. The result shows that based on its structure, the armor shows ‘magnificence’ and according to its material, the armor signifies ‘power’. By identifying the fundamental meaning of Nias war costume’s fundamental values, the identity of the warriors can be an important heritage to Nias descendants and Indonesia society as a whole.