Proceedings of the First Conference of Visual Art, Design, and Social Humanities, CONVASH, 2 November 2019, Surakarta, Central Java, Indonesia

Research Article

Absurdity and The Significance of the Idea of Death in Albert Camus’ L’Étranger

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  • @INPROCEEDINGS{10.4108/eai.2-11-2019.2294765,
        author={Indiana  Salsabila and Joesana  Tjahjani},
        title={Absurdity and The Significance of the Idea of Death  in Albert Camus’ L’\^{E}tranger},
        proceedings={Proceedings of the First Conference of Visual Art, Design, and Social Humanities, CONVASH, 2 November 2019, Surakarta, Central Java, Indonesia},
        publisher={EAI},
        proceedings_a={CONVASH},
        year={2020},
        month={5},
        keywords={absurdity; death; literature; narratology; philosophy},
        doi={10.4108/eai.2-11-2019.2294765}
    }
    
  • Indiana Salsabila
    Joesana Tjahjani
    Year: 2020
    Absurdity and The Significance of the Idea of Death in Albert Camus’ L’Étranger
    CONVASH
    EAI
    DOI: 10.4108/eai.2-11-2019.2294765
Indiana Salsabila1,*, Joesana Tjahjani1
  • 1: French Department, Faculty of Humanities, Universitas Indonesia
*Contact email: indiana.salsabila@ui.ac.id

Abstract

L’Étranger written by Albert Camus shows the concept of absurdity states that to face absurdity, one must confront it with consciousness and live through the absurd life until death. This article aims to reveal how death, which consistently occurs in L’Étranger, is related to Camus’ concept of absurdity. Through the analysis of focalization development apparent in the story, the recurring events of death as told through Meursault’s narration become the key to show the connection between Camus’ idea of absurdity and death. The storyline and narrative breakdowns show that the deaths in L’Étranger expose the main character to the steps towards becoming the Absurd Man. Despite being alienated, Meursault shows how being the stranger in a world of absurdity means accepting the inevitability of death by continuing to live the absurd life with consciousness.