Proceedings of the 1st Conference of Visual Art, Design, and Social Humanities by Faculty of Art and Design, CONVASH 2019, 2 November 2019, Surakarta, Central Java, Indonesia

Research Article

Music in “Gobuk Melayu" Ritual Traditions: Study of Performance Aspects, Forms and Structures

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  • @INPROCEEDINGS{10.4108/eai.2-11-2019.2294720,
        author={Wiflihani  Wiflihani and Pita HD Silitonga and Herna  Hirza},
        title={Music in “Gobuk Melayu" Ritual Traditions: Study of Performance Aspects, Forms and Structures},
        proceedings={Proceedings of the 1st Conference of Visual Art, Design, and Social Humanities by Faculty of Art and Design, CONVASH 2019,  2 November 2019, Surakarta, Central Java, Indonesia},
        publisher={EAI},
        proceedings_a={CONVASH},
        year={2020},
        month={8},
        keywords={music; ritual; gobuk},
        doi={10.4108/eai.2-11-2019.2294720}
    }
    
  • Wiflihani Wiflihani
    Pita HD Silitonga
    Herna Hirza
    Year: 2020
    Music in “Gobuk Melayu" Ritual Traditions: Study of Performance Aspects, Forms and Structures
    CONVASH
    EAI
    DOI: 10.4108/eai.2-11-2019.2294720
Wiflihani Wiflihani1,*, Pita HD Silitonga1, Herna Hirza1
  • 1: Music Education Study Program, Department of Sendratasik, Faculty of Languages and Arts Universitas Negeri Medan, North Sumatra, Indonesia
*Contact email: wiflihani@unimed.ac.id

Abstract

This study aims to analyze the form, structure, aspects of performances in the healing rituals of the Gobuk Melayu Dance on Bedagai Coast. The research methods used in this study is a qualitative method. The qualitative approach in this study consisted of two main methods - primary and secondary methods. The primary method is all information collected by the researchers first hand. In this study, data collection come from interviews, participant observation, and video recording. Whereas the secondary method is information obtained from books, journals, articles, conference papers, published dissertations, and other sources that support the study topic. The results showed that Gobuk is a ritual tradition of treatment that was built and developed in the Malay community on the coast of Bedagai, Serdang Bedagai Regency, North Sumatra. The musical instrument used is a percussion and blowing music instrument consisting of rhythmic and melodic music instruments, there are: 1) gubano drum, 2) tambourine, 3) talempong, (4) gong. The form of the Gobuk ritual performance begins with Vocal music in the form of Malay humming as an expression of the spells sung by Bomo or the ritual leader Shaman. After the humming vocal part is finished, it is immediately greeted with instrumental music by the two drums, sarunai, and gongs. Structurally, this instrumental part consists of 3 main structures there are Hontak Kudo, Magic, and Perang with changes in rhythm and tempo of each part.