Proceedings of the 1st Conference of Visual Art, Design, and Social Humanities by Faculty of Art and Design, CONVASH 2019, 2 November 2019, Surakarta, Central Java, Indonesia

Research Article

The Uniqueness and Idiosyncrasy of Sustainability of Kelantan Political

  • @INPROCEEDINGS{10.4108/eai.2-11-2019.2294718,
        author={Heri  Kusmanto and Mustafa  Ahmad and Warjio  Warjio and Agung  Suharyanto},
        title={The Uniqueness and Idiosyncrasy of Sustainability  of Kelantan Political},
        proceedings={Proceedings of the 1st Conference of Visual Art, Design, and Social Humanities by Faculty of Art and Design, CONVASH 2019,  2 November 2019, Surakarta, Central Java, Indonesia},
        publisher={EAI},
        proceedings_a={CONVASH},
        year={2020},
        month={8},
        keywords={politics kelantan parti islam semalaysia united malays national organisation and national front},
        doi={10.4108/eai.2-11-2019.2294718}
    }
    
  • Heri Kusmanto
    Mustafa Ahmad
    Warjio Warjio
    Agung Suharyanto
    Year: 2020
    The Uniqueness and Idiosyncrasy of Sustainability of Kelantan Political
    CONVASH
    EAI
    DOI: 10.4108/eai.2-11-2019.2294718
Heri Kusmanto1,*, Mustafa Ahmad2, Warjio Warjio3, Agung Suharyanto4
  • 1: Department of Political Science, Faculty of Social and Political Sciences, Universitas Sumatera Utara, Medan, Indonesia.
  • 2: Partai Amanah Negara, Kelantan, Malaysia
  • 3: Department of Political Science, Faculty of Social and Political Sciences, Universitas Sumatera Utara, Medan, Indonesia
  • 4: Public Administration Study Program, Faculty of Social and Political Sciences Universitas Medan Area, Medan, Indonesia.
*Contact email: herikusmanto@usu.ac.id

Abstract

Politically, Kelantan is unique compared toother statesin Malaysia. Manifestations of the doctrine of competition between UMNOand PAS occurred in this last fortress of the Malay states (the last bastions of Malayness). Different political doctrines has caused relations between PAS-led Kelantan State Government and Federal Government,the UMNO-led Alliance,is always hot. But the doctrine of competition began to simmer down, upon the occurrence of the May 13, 1969 event, which allows both partiesto come up with a government known as the PAS-Alliance Coalition Government (1973-1974) and laterto be replaced by the Barisan Nasional (National Front) Governmentin 1974. PAS positionin the National Frontonly lasted for threeand a half years, when a political turn oil brewed up and has caused the party'sexpulsion.The expulsionof PAS from the National Front has caused the defeat of PAS to lose Kelantan State Legislative Assembly in the 1978 General Election. This provides the opportunity tothe UMNO-led Barisan Nasionalto rule Kelantan for 12 years and engage itself in extensive political strategies to defend its position from being constantly attacks by the PAS opposition quarters. However, due to some internal and external problems in the UMNO, PAS has won back the administration of the state of Kelantan by winning State Legislative Assemblyin the 1990 general election.