Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on Quran and Hadith Studies Information Technology and Media in Conjunction with the 1st International Conference on Islam, Science and Technology, ICONQUHAS & ICONIST, Bandung, October 2-4, 2018, Indonesia

Research Article

Application of Amine Modified Silica Adsorbenes on CO2 Adsorption in Biogas

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  • @INPROCEEDINGS{10.4108/eai.2-10-2018.2295556,
        author={Nanik Astuti Rahman and Widiyastuti  Widiyastuti and Masrurotul  Ajiza and Dimas Indra Laksmana},
        title={Application of Amine Modified Silica Adsorbenes on CO2 Adsorption in Biogas},
        proceedings={Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on Quran and Hadith Studies Information Technology and Media in Conjunction with the 1st International Conference on Islam, Science and Technology,  ICONQUHAS \& ICONIST, Bandung, October 2-4, 2018, Indonesia},
        publisher={EAI},
        proceedings_a={ICONQUHAS},
        year={2020},
        month={5},
        keywords={silica-amine; adsorption co2; biogas},
        doi={10.4108/eai.2-10-2018.2295556}
    }
    
  • Nanik Astuti Rahman
    Widiyastuti Widiyastuti
    Masrurotul Ajiza
    Dimas Indra Laksmana
    Year: 2020
    Application of Amine Modified Silica Adsorbenes on CO2 Adsorption in Biogas
    ICONQUHAS
    EAI
    DOI: 10.4108/eai.2-10-2018.2295556
Nanik Astuti Rahman1,*, Widiyastuti Widiyastuti2, Masrurotul Ajiza1, Dimas Indra Laksmana1
  • 1: National Institute of Technology Malang, East Java, Indonesia
  • 2: Sepuluh Nopember Institute of Technology Surabaya, East Java, Indonesia
*Contact email: nanik_ar29@yahoo.com

Abstract

The adsorption process is a technology that is more efficient in CO2 adsorption. The adsorbent used must have adsorption capacity and high selectivity to CO2 adsorption. In this study, silica is used because it has sufficient surface area and pore size. In addition, the presence of silanol group on the surface of silica allows silica to be modified with other functional groups for certain applications. One of the interesting points is the modification of silanol groups with amine group, where the amine group is selective towards CO2. The succes of the adsorbent depends on the succesful modification of the amine group to the surface of the silica through the reaction of the hydroxyl group on the surface of the substrate and silane compounds. The method used to modify silca gel is post grafting. Biogas to be purified is made by mixing vegetable waste with cow dung as a starter source of methanogen. The methane gas content can be increased by reducing the amount of CO2 gas in biogas. Methane gas content in biogas made from vegetable waste is 78.5% while CO2 gas is 16%. The process of CO2 gas adsorption is done by passing the biogas on the silica adsorbent which has been modified with amine. This process lasts for 30 minutes. The results of the analysis with TGDTA and FTIR showed that the adsorption has been proceed. CO2 gas which is successfully adsorpted from biogas is 80% and this increase the level of CO2 gas which rises from 16% to 12.76%