Proceedings of the 1st International Conference on Science and Technology for an Internet of Things, 20 October 2018, Yogyakarta, Indonesia

Research Article

The Use of Problem based Learning to Improve Elementary School Students’ Critical Thinking Skills

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  • @INPROCEEDINGS{10.4108/eai.19-10-2018.2282161,
        author={Mar’attus Solihah and Anggraeni Mashinta Sulistyani},
        title={The Use of Problem based Learning to Improve Elementary School Students’ Critical Thinking Skills},
        proceedings={Proceedings of the 1st International Conference on Science and Technology for an Internet of Things,  20 October 2018, Yogyakarta, Indonesia},
        publisher={EAI},
        proceedings_a={ICSTI},
        year={2019},
        month={4},
        keywords={critical thinking skil; problem based learning},
        doi={10.4108/eai.19-10-2018.2282161}
    }
    
  • Mar’attus Solihah
    Anggraeni Mashinta Sulistyani
    Year: 2019
    The Use of Problem based Learning to Improve Elementary School Students’ Critical Thinking Skills
    ICSTI
    EAI
    DOI: 10.4108/eai.19-10-2018.2282161
Mar’attus Solihah1,*, Anggraeni Mashinta Sulistyani1
  • 1: STKIP Majenang
*Contact email: maratussolihah96@gmail.com

Abstract

This study aims to determine the effect of the use of Problem Based Learning towards elementary schools students’ critical thinking skills. The study was conducted at two elementary schools in Cilacap Regency, where two classes were treated as experimental classes while the two classes functioned as control classes. Critical thinking skill is measured using tests developed by researchers in accordance with sub-themes of learning (digestive system and human nutritional needs). The validity and reliability of the instrument was evaluated using expert judgment which was then tested on the sixth grade students of Elementary School Kalierang 05. In order to find out the improvement of critical thinking skills pre-test and post-test were carried out both in the experimental classes and control classes. The next stage is analyzing the data quantitatively by using the t-test. The results of data analysis showed that there was an increase in critical thinking skills that were higher in the classroom using problem based learning models. But the increase of students’ critical thinking skills is still relatively low.