Proceedings of the 1st International Conference on Social-Humanities in Maritime and Border Area, SHIMBA 2022, 18-20 September 2022, Tanjung Pinang, Kep. Riau Province, Indonesia

Research Article

Indonesia – Malaysia – Singapore Relations Before The 1824 Treaty of London

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  • @INPROCEEDINGS{10.4108/eai.18-9-2022.2326016,
        author={Anastasia Wiwik Swastiwi and Desri  Gunawan and Glory Yolanda Yahya},
        title={Indonesia -- Malaysia -- Singapore Relations Before The 1824 Treaty of London },
        proceedings={Proceedings of the 1st International Conference on Social-Humanities in Maritime and Border Area, SHIMBA 2022, 18-20 September 2022, Tanjung Pinang, Kep. Riau Province, Indonesia},
        publisher={EAI},
        proceedings_a={SHIMBA},
        year={2022},
        month={12},
        keywords={history culture treaty of london 1824 relationship heritage},
        doi={10.4108/eai.18-9-2022.2326016}
    }
    
  • Anastasia Wiwik Swastiwi
    Desri Gunawan
    Glory Yolanda Yahya
    Year: 2022
    Indonesia – Malaysia – Singapore Relations Before The 1824 Treaty of London
    SHIMBA
    EAI
    DOI: 10.4108/eai.18-9-2022.2326016
Anastasia Wiwik Swastiwi1,*, Desri Gunawan1, Glory Yolanda Yahya1
  • 1: Universitas Maritim Raja Ali Haji
*Contact email: wiwik2021@umrah.ac.id

Abstract

This Malay kingdom inherited the Malacca Kingdom's power, including Kelantan, Perak, Terengganu, Pahang, Johor, Singapore, Bintan, Lingga, Inderagiri, Kampar, Siak, and Rokan. In the present context, this area is the territory of three countries (Indonesia-Malaysia-Singapore). As time passed, the area of Malay glory began to split in two with the 1824 London agreement between the Dutch and the British. The struggle for territory by these two countries has made Riau, Lingga, Johor, and Pahang, which are one cultural family, must be separated. The British controlled the Malay Peninsula, now Malaysia, while the Dutch controlled the archipelago of Indonesia. This paper is qualitative research that uses a historical approach. The method used in reconstructing past events related to Indonesia-Malaysia-Singapore relations before the 1824 London Treaty went through four stages of work, namely heuristics (source collection), source criticism (external/material and internal/content), interpretation (interpretation), and historiography. (writing historical stories). The primary sources used in this research are Malay manuscripts from the 18th and 19th centuries. This research shows that Indonesia - Malaysia - Singapore have the same socio-cultural roots. The emotional bond was not disturbed after the London Agreement of 1824, which was agreed upon by the British and Dutch colonial governments.