Proceedings of the 6th International Seminar on Psychology, ISPsy 2023, 18-19 July 2023, Purwokerto, Central Java, Indonesia

Research Article

Event-Based Prospective Memory in Young Adults: The Role of Gender Differences

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  • @INPROCEEDINGS{10.4108/eai.18-7-2023.2343269,
        author={Elisabeth Dwi Anggraini and Sri  Kusrohmaniah and Rahmadani  Yulianti and Taufik  Putra},
        title={Event-Based Prospective Memory in Young Adults: The Role of Gender Differences},
        proceedings={Proceedings of the 6th International Seminar on Psychology, ISPsy 2023, 18-19 July 2023, Purwokerto, Central Java, Indonesia},
        publisher={EAI},
        proceedings_a={ISPSY},
        year={2024},
        month={2},
        keywords={event-based memory perspective gender differences memory perspective},
        doi={10.4108/eai.18-7-2023.2343269}
    }
    
  • Elisabeth Dwi Anggraini
    Sri Kusrohmaniah
    Rahmadani Yulianti
    Taufik Putra
    Year: 2024
    Event-Based Prospective Memory in Young Adults: The Role of Gender Differences
    ISPSY
    EAI
    DOI: 10.4108/eai.18-7-2023.2343269
Elisabeth Dwi Anggraini1,*, Sri Kusrohmaniah1, Rahmadani Yulianti1, Taufik Putra1
  • 1: Universitas Gadjah Mada
*Contact email: elisabethda1994@mail.ugm.ac.id

Abstract

As many as 50-70% of memory problems in life originate from prospective memory. Prospective memory allows a person to recall and carry out previously planned intentions. Gender differences impact a person's prospective memory performance, although consistent findings have not been observed. This study aims to investigate gender differences in affecting memory performance in terms of event-based prospective memory types and the young adult population (college students). The study was conducted in a lab setting, with prospective memory measurements in the N-back Test. The statistical non-parametric Mann-Whitney U test is used in this study since the data is not normally distributed. The results on 69 participants (Mage=22.3, Nmen=13, Nwomen=56) showed significant differences between men and women in the performance of event-based prospective memory. In terms of accuracy, males outperform women in event-based prospective memory. Meanwhile, there was no discernible gender difference in response time performance. Nonetheless, men are acknowledged to be speedier than women. This finding has broad implications for future studies on gender differences and memory, and it is hoped that it will spur further in-depth investigation into the underlying factors