Proceedings of the 2nd Borobudur International Symposium on Humanities and Social Sciences, BIS-HSS 2020, 18 November 2020, Magelang, Central Java, Indonesia

Research Article

The Power of Incumbency: Abdul Gani Kasuba’s Strategy to Win the Voice of the Makean Ethnic Group in South Halmahera in the 2018 Noth Maluku Governor Election

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  • @INPROCEEDINGS{10.4108/eai.18-11-2020.2311778,
        author={Agusmawanda  Agusmawanda and La ode  Muhmeliadi and Mahmud  Husen},
        title={The Power of Incumbency: Abdul Gani Kasuba’s Strategy to Win the Voice of the Makean Ethnic Group in South Halmahera in the 2018 Noth Maluku Governor Election},
        proceedings={Proceedings of the 2nd Borobudur International Symposium on Humanities and Social Sciences, BIS-HSS 2020, 18 November 2020, Magelang, Central Java, Indonesia},
        publisher={EAI},
        proceedings_a={BIS-HSS},
        year={2021},
        month={9},
        keywords={incumbent political strategy ethnic identity},
        doi={10.4108/eai.18-11-2020.2311778}
    }
    
  • Agusmawanda Agusmawanda
    La ode Muhmeliadi
    Mahmud Husen
    Year: 2021
    The Power of Incumbency: Abdul Gani Kasuba’s Strategy to Win the Voice of the Makean Ethnic Group in South Halmahera in the 2018 Noth Maluku Governor Election
    BIS-HSS
    EAI
    DOI: 10.4108/eai.18-11-2020.2311778
Agusmawanda Agusmawanda1,*, La ode Muhmeliadi1, Mahmud Husen1
  • 1: Departmen Political Science, Muhammadiyah University North Maluku
*Contact email: agusmawanda79@gmail.com

Abstract

Sociological factors that base ethnic identity in each political context in the region, elections for governors, mayors, and regents have always been vital in political struggles at the electoral level. Likewise, in the political tradition in North Maluku Province, the ethnic sentiment is an instrument used to get electoral support. In the 2018 gubernatorial election in Kayoa District South Halmahera, ethnic instrumentation did not work because the incumbent Governor, who had a Tobelo-Galela ethnic background, managed to win votes. The Makean-Kayoa ethnic group surpassed the other candidates with the Makean-Kayoa ethnic background. Thus, the research question is how the incumbent Governor's political strategy won the Makean ethnic group's vote. This study uses qualitative methods, with data collection techniques through in-depth interviews by interviewers to respondents. The result found; Strategic Program Campaign, Utilizing AGK Popularity as Ulama, Party Machine Power, and Politics of the Kasuba Clan.