Proceedings of the 2nd Borobudur International Symposium on Humanities and Social Sciences, BIS-HSS 2020, 18 November 2020, Magelang, Central Java, Indonesia

Research Article

Parent Rearing Practice, Sex, and Child’s Social Adjustment in Magelang, Indonesia

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  • @INPROCEEDINGS{10.4108/eai.18-11-2020.2311753,
        author={Purwati  Purwati and Muhammad  Japar and Dewi  Lianasari},
        title={Parent Rearing Practice, Sex, and Child’s Social Adjustment in Magelang, Indonesia},
        proceedings={Proceedings of the 2nd Borobudur International Symposium on Humanities and Social Sciences, BIS-HSS 2020, 18 November 2020, Magelang, Central Java, Indonesia},
        publisher={EAI},
        proceedings_a={BIS-HSS},
        year={2021},
        month={9},
        keywords={rearing parent practice sex and child’s social adjustment},
        doi={10.4108/eai.18-11-2020.2311753}
    }
    
  • Purwati Purwati
    Muhammad Japar
    Dewi Lianasari
    Year: 2021
    Parent Rearing Practice, Sex, and Child’s Social Adjustment in Magelang, Indonesia
    BIS-HSS
    EAI
    DOI: 10.4108/eai.18-11-2020.2311753
Purwati Purwati1,*, Muhammad Japar1, Dewi Lianasari1
  • 1: Universitas Muhammadiyah Magelang, Indonesia
*Contact email: bupurwati@ummgl.ac.id

Abstract

This article emphasizes studies to: (1) examine the effect of authoritarian, democratic, and permissive parenting on children's social adjustment, and (2) examine the ability of social adjustment from a gender perspective. The study subjects were 240, consisting of 120 boys and 120 girls. The method of collecting data on children's social adjustment used observation with time sampling techniques, while the data on parent rearing practice used a questionnaire. The analysis technique in this research used Structural Equation Modeling SEM) with the Partial Least Square (PLS) technique with the help of the SmartPLS 2.0 application program. The results showed that the children's social adjustment can be explained jointly by the parenting style of authoritarian, democratic, and permissive parents by 78.5%. Authoritarian parenting has an effect on children's social adjustment as indicated by the t value of 2.685 (p <0.05), democratic parenting of 8,043 (p <0.05), and permissive parenting of 1,990 (p <0.05). The effective contribution of democratic parenting to children's adjustment is the highest compared to authoritarian and democratic parenting (Effective contribution of democratic parenting: 48.6%, authoritarian parenting 16.1%, and permissive parenting 13.8%).