Proceedings of The 5th Annual International Seminar on Trends in Science and Science Education, AISTSSE 2018, 18-19 October 2018, Medan, Indonesia

Research Article

Liver Function Test Elevation in Moderate Intensity Physical Exercise

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  • @INPROCEEDINGS{10.4108/eai.18-10-2018.2287363,
        author={Marsal  Risfandi and Novita Sari Harahap and Rika  Nailuvar and Fajar Apolo Sinaga},
        title={Liver Function Test Elevation in Moderate Intensity Physical Exercise},
        proceedings={Proceedings of The 5th Annual International Seminar on Trends in Science and Science Education, AISTSSE 2018, 18-19 October 2018, Medan, Indonesia},
        publisher={EAI},
        proceedings_a={AISTSSE},
        year={2019},
        month={10},
        keywords={liver function test moderate intensity physical exercise},
        doi={10.4108/eai.18-10-2018.2287363}
    }
    
  • Marsal Risfandi
    Novita Sari Harahap
    Rika Nailuvar
    Fajar Apolo Sinaga
    Year: 2019
    Liver Function Test Elevation in Moderate Intensity Physical Exercise
    AISTSSE
    EAI
    DOI: 10.4108/eai.18-10-2018.2287363
Marsal Risfandi1,*, Novita Sari Harahap1, Rika Nailuvar1, Fajar Apolo Sinaga1
  • 1: Department of Sports Sciences, Universitas Negeri Medan
*Contact email: marsalsurgeon@gmail.com

Abstract

Liver enzymes can be used as a sign of liver injury include Serum Alanine Amino Transferase (ALT) also called Serum Glutamic Pyruvic Transaminase (SGPT) and Serum Amino Transferase Aspartate (AST) also called Serum Glutamic Oxaloacetic Transaminase (SGOT). Elevation of liver transaminase is generally caused by liver injury due to liver diseases and also may be elevated by extra hepatic process such as physical exercise. However, there is no consensus on what type of exercise can cause liver function test elevation. Moderate intensity of physical activity was being carried out by running on a treadmill with an intensity of 70% - 80% of the maximum heart rate for one hour. Then, blood sample was taken to measure SGOT and SGPT. Data obtained were statistically analyzed using paired t-test with a significance level of below 0.05 (p<0.05) and 95% confidence level (α=0.05). Serum SGOT was increased 1.8 times, mean 39.54 u/L, p<0.001. Serum SGPT was increased 1.7 times, mean 49.4 u/L, p=0.002. Moderate intensity of physical activity could increase significantly liver function tests. However, more research is needed to compare the liver function test elevation among mild, moderate, higher intensity physical exercise.