Proceedings of The 5th Annual International Seminar on Trends in Science and Science Education, AISTSSE 2018, 18-19 October 2018, Medan, Indonesia

Research Article

Improvement of Learning Outcomes by Direct Instruction (DI) Learning Model in General Chemistry Course

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  • @INPROCEEDINGS{10.4108/eai.18-10-2018.2287302,
        author={Gulmah  Sugiharti and Abdul  Hamid and Mukhtar  Mukhtar},
        title={Improvement of Learning Outcomes by Direct Instruction (DI) Learning Model in General Chemistry Course},
        proceedings={Proceedings of The 5th Annual International Seminar on Trends in Science and Science Education, AISTSSE 2018, 18-19 October 2018, Medan, Indonesia},
        publisher={EAI},
        proceedings_a={AISTSSE},
        year={2019},
        month={10},
        keywords={pbl model di model general chemistry},
        doi={10.4108/eai.18-10-2018.2287302}
    }
    
  • Gulmah Sugiharti
    Abdul Hamid
    Mukhtar Mukhtar
    Year: 2019
    Improvement of Learning Outcomes by Direct Instruction (DI) Learning Model in General Chemistry Course
    AISTSSE
    EAI
    DOI: 10.4108/eai.18-10-2018.2287302
Gulmah Sugiharti1,*, Abdul Hamid2, Mukhtar Mukhtar3
  • 1: Department of Chemistry Education, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Science, Universitas Negeri Medan, Medan, Indonesia
  • 2: Postgraduate Program, Universitas Negeri Medan, Department of Building Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, UniversitasNegeri Medan, Medan, Indonesia
  • 3: Postgraduate Program, Universitas Negeri Medan, Department of Mathematics, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Science, Universitas Negeri Medan, Medan, Indonesia
*Contact email: gulmahsugiharti@yahoo.com

Abstract

The learning activities of General Chemistry course are still more dominated by lecturers by requiring students to do assignments and solve chemical concept questions. This led to a lack of understanding of students which resulted in low learning outcomes of general chemistry courses. Even though the concept can be related to students' daily lives by applying effective learning models in accordance with teaching materials. The purpose of this study was to determine whether there were significant differences in learning outcomes between the classes taught with PBL models and the classes taught in the DI model in the General Chemistry course at the Chemistry Education department of FMIPA Unimed. The population consists of 2 classes, each of which consists of 26 students taught with different learning models. After the data is tested normal and homogeneous by using SPSS, the hypothesis is tested using t test. Based on the results of the hypothesis test, it is known that the value of Sig. 0.065 <0.10. So it was said that there were significant differences in learning outcomes of classes taught with PBL models with classes taught with the DI model in General Chemistry courses. This study concludes that for the General Chemistry subject learning, it is better to use the PBL model than the DI model.