Proceedings of the 1st International Seminar on Teacher Training and Education, ISTED 2021, 17-18 July 2021, Purwokerto, Indonesia

Research Article

The Legalization Process of Persons of Indonesian Descents (PIDS) in Mindanao and Their Reasons to Remain in Mindanao after Nationality Awarding

Download175 downloads
  • @INPROCEEDINGS{10.4108/eai.17-7-2021.2312032,
        author={Putrie Agusti Saleha and Benny Teh Cheng Guan},
        title={The Legalization Process of Persons of Indonesian Descents (PIDS) in Mindanao and Their Reasons to Remain in Mindanao after Nationality Awarding},
        proceedings={Proceedings of the 1st International Seminar on Teacher Training and Education, ISTED 2021, 17-18 July 2021, Purwokerto, Indonesia},
        publisher={EAI},
        proceedings_a={ISTED},
        year={2021},
        month={10},
        keywords={legalization statelessness stateless person persons of indonesian descents (pids) registered indonesian nationals (rins)},
        doi={10.4108/eai.17-7-2021.2312032}
    }
    
  • Putrie Agusti Saleha
    Benny Teh Cheng Guan
    Year: 2021
    The Legalization Process of Persons of Indonesian Descents (PIDS) in Mindanao and Their Reasons to Remain in Mindanao after Nationality Awarding
    ISTED
    EAI
    DOI: 10.4108/eai.17-7-2021.2312032
Putrie Agusti Saleha1,*, Benny Teh Cheng Guan1
  • 1: School of Social Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia
*Contact email: putrie.saleha@student.usm.my

Abstract

This research aims are to identify the effects of legalization process for the Persons of Indonesian Descent living in Mindanao, Philippines and to investigate the reasons of the Registered Indonesian Nationals (RINs) staying in Mindanao after the nationality awarding. In the 1870s, PIDs' ancestors crossed the sea using a traditional boat to reach the Philippines from the North Sulawesi province to Balut Island close to Sarangani Province in Mindanao. However, after both countries gain their independence, specific laws were applied regarding the legal documents and caused the children born with stateless status. The interview happened in 2016 and 2019 shows the legalization process has given various good impacts to the lives of PIDs. However, after they became a RINs, some of them continue their life in foreign land due to unrecognized relatives living in Indonesia and better income opportunity in Mindanao areas.