Proceedings of the 7th International Colloquium on Interdisciplinary Islamic Studies (ICIIS) in conjunction with the 6th Annual Postgraduate Conference on Muslim Society (APCoMS), ICIIS and APCoMS 2024, 17–18 June 2024, Banjarmasin, Indonesia

Research Article

Re-Understanding the Content of Surah al-Kāfirūn: Analysis of Muḥammad ‘Ābid al-Jābirī’s Chronological Qur’anic Interpretation

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  • @INPROCEEDINGS{10.4108/eai.17-6-2024.2349067,
        author={Faris Maulana Akbar and Kusmana  Kusmana and Yusuf  Rahman},
        title={Re-Understanding the Content of Surah al-Kāfirūn: Analysis of Muḥammad ‘Ābid al-Jābirī’s Chronological Qur’anic Interpretation},
        proceedings={Proceedings of the 7th International Colloquium on Interdisciplinary Islamic Studies (ICIIS) in conjunction with the 6th Annual Postgraduate Conference on Muslim Society (APCoMS), ICIIS and APCoMS 2024, 17--18 June 2024, Banjarmasin, Indonesia},
        publisher={EAI},
        proceedings_a={ICIIS AND APCOMS},
        year={2024},
        month={7},
        keywords={surah al-kāfirūn chronological interpretation ‘ābid al-jābirī},
        doi={10.4108/eai.17-6-2024.2349067}
    }
    
  • Faris Maulana Akbar
    Kusmana Kusmana
    Yusuf Rahman
    Year: 2024
    Re-Understanding the Content of Surah al-Kāfirūn: Analysis of Muḥammad ‘Ābid al-Jābirī’s Chronological Qur’anic Interpretation
    ICIIS AND APCOMS
    EAI
    DOI: 10.4108/eai.17-6-2024.2349067
Faris Maulana Akbar1,*, Kusmana Kusmana1, Yusuf Rahman1
  • 1: Syarif Hidayatullah State Islamic University Jakarta, Indonesia
*Contact email: faris.maulana20@mhs.uinjkt.ac.id

Abstract

This paper discusses the attempts to re-understand the content of surah al-Kāfirūn, which is often identified as the foundation of religious tolerance through the chronological Qur’anic interpretation of M. 'Ābid al-Jābirī through surah al-Kāfirūn. Al-Jābirī interprets it differently. He does not mention tolerance at all and instead emphasizes the social context that occurred when the surah was revealed. Using a descriptive-analytic method, this paper tries to find out how al-Jābirī interpret the surah? This study finds that al-Jābirī uses the tafsīr ḥasb tartīb al-nuzūl method. In this way, it not only reads the text of the Qur’an chronologically but also considers the contents of the surah according to the social context that surrounded it. In contrast to other interpreters, al-Jābirī shows that the surah responded to the economic logic of the Quraysh leaders who offered compromises in worship for their own benefit. This surah was revealed to unequivocally reject that compromise.