Proceedings of the First International Conference on Science, Engineering and Technology Practices for Sustainable Development, ICSETPSD 2023, 17th-18th November 2023, Coimbatore, Tamilnadu, India

Research Article

Standardization of fermentation conditions for the production of bio-ethanol from matured coconut water

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  • @INPROCEEDINGS{10.4108/eai.17-11-2023.2342874,
        author={R S  Vidhya Ganesh and R  Parimala devi and S  Karthikeyan and D  Ramesh and P  Vijayakumary and D  Murugananthi},
        title={Standardization of fermentation conditions for the production of bio-ethanol from matured coconut water},
        proceedings={Proceedings of the First International Conference on Science, Engineering and Technology Practices for Sustainable Development, ICSETPSD 2023, 17th-18th November 2023, Coimbatore, Tamilnadu, India},
        publisher={EAI},
        proceedings_a={ICSETPSD},
        year={2024},
        month={1},
        keywords={matured coconut water bio-ethanol fermentation},
        doi={10.4108/eai.17-11-2023.2342874}
    }
    
  • R S Vidhya Ganesh
    R Parimala devi
    S Karthikeyan
    D Ramesh
    P Vijayakumary
    D Murugananthi
    Year: 2024
    Standardization of fermentation conditions for the production of bio-ethanol from matured coconut water
    ICSETPSD
    EAI
    DOI: 10.4108/eai.17-11-2023.2342874
R S Vidhya Ganesh1,*, R Parimala devi1, S Karthikeyan1, D Ramesh1, P Vijayakumary1, D Murugananthi1
  • 1: Tamil Nadu Agricultural University
*Contact email: vidhyaganesh1999@gmail.com

Abstract

Pollution of natural, environmental and water resources caused through industrial wastes is becoming a major concern nowadays. Agro-industries contribute 10-15% for the cause of pollution. As the wastes generated from agro-industries are of biological origin, they can be effectively reused; if their alternate uses are explored. Coconut industry is one of the major agroindustry where wastes are generated in large quantum. Wastes generated in coconut industry include coconut shell, coconut husk, coconut water and oil cake. The unutilized coir industry waste includes coconut water which is generated during copra processing. Coconut waste water contains more amounts of sugars, lipids, organic acids, etc and hence they can be used as a feedstock for bio-ethanol production. In this study an attempt was made to standardize fermentation conditions for enhanced bio-ethanol production from matured coconut water. Standardized fermentation conditions for enhanced bio-ethanol production were: temperature-37.5ºC, pH 5.5 and incubation period-96 hours with Saccharomyces cerevisiae. From our study it was inferred that matured coconut water is a potential source for production of bio-ethanol and this will lead to circular economy in coconut processing industry.