Proceedings of the First International Conference on Science, Engineering and Technology Practices for Sustainable Development, ICSETPSD 2023, 17th-18th November 2023, Coimbatore, Tamilnadu, India

Research Article

Small and Domestic Ammonia Cooling Systems for Energy and Sustainability of India

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  • @INPROCEEDINGS{10.4108/eai.17-11-2023.2342858,
        author={P  Viswanathan and P Karthiga Devi and T  Prabu and P Siva Prakash},
        title={ Small and Domestic Ammonia Cooling Systems for Energy and Sustainability of India},
        proceedings={Proceedings of the First International Conference on Science, Engineering and Technology Practices for Sustainable Development, ICSETPSD 2023, 17th-18th November 2023, Coimbatore, Tamilnadu, India},
        publisher={EAI},
        proceedings_a={ICSETPSD},
        year={2024},
        month={1},
        keywords={ammonia refrigeration air conditioning cooling systems co2 emissions energy electrical power generation},
        doi={10.4108/eai.17-11-2023.2342858}
    }
    
  • P Viswanathan
    P Karthiga Devi
    T Prabu
    P Siva Prakash
    Year: 2024
    Small and Domestic Ammonia Cooling Systems for Energy and Sustainability of India
    ICSETPSD
    EAI
    DOI: 10.4108/eai.17-11-2023.2342858
P Viswanathan1,*, P Karthiga Devi2, T Prabu1, P Siva Prakash1
  • 1: Department of Mechanical Engineering, PSG College of Technology
  • 2: Department of Physics, Government Arts College, Coimbatore
*Contact email: viswanathan@psgtech.edu

Abstract

Preserving the environment should be everyone's first and greatest concern. Technology has caused the climate to change as a result of fast industrial development. As a result of climate change, people have had to rely on increasingly complex technologies to live comfortably. The devices primarily require electrical energy, the majority of which is generated by thermal sources. The air conditioning and cooling industry is a fast-growing industry. Air conditioning systems are expected to reach 25.4 million units in 2030, using more than 7700 TWh globally. The cooling systems predominantly use HCFC and HFC-based refrigerants, both of which have Ozone Depletion Potential (ODP) and Global Warming Potential (GWP) concerns (GWP). When compared to natural refrigerants, the Coefficient of Performance for systems using ODP and GWP refrigerants is also moderate. Using a natural refrigerant like "Ammonia," which has zero ODP and 0% GWP, will reduce energy consumption by 1925 TWh and 3080 TWh, respectively, when compared to systems using R134a and R410. In comparison to R134a and R410 systems, ammonia systems will lower power generation by 1546.9 and 2476.3 TWh, respectively, and CO2 generation through thermal plants by 25 and 40Despite the fact that ammonia gas is utilized in commercial systems, it is a toxic and flammable gas that should be employed with safety measures when used in domestic applications.