Proceedings of the First International Conference on Science, Engineering and Technology Practices for Sustainable Development, ICSETPSD 2023, 17th-18th November 2023, Coimbatore, Tamilnadu, India

Research Article

Phytoplastics Based on (PHB) Producing Transgenic Plants as an Alternative to Plastics: A Review

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  • @INPROCEEDINGS{10.4108/eai.17-11-2023.2342851,
        author={G  Siva Gokul and M  Pradeepkumar and S  Tina Deva Prarthana and V.E  Ida Christi},
        title={Phytoplastics Based on (PHB) Producing Transgenic Plants as an Alternative to Plastics: A Review},
        proceedings={Proceedings of the First International Conference on Science, Engineering and Technology Practices for Sustainable Development, ICSETPSD 2023, 17th-18th November 2023, Coimbatore, Tamilnadu, India},
        publisher={EAI},
        proceedings_a={ICSETPSD},
        year={2024},
        month={1},
        keywords={bioplastics polyhydroxyalkonate polyhydroxybutarate transgenic plants},
        doi={10.4108/eai.17-11-2023.2342851}
    }
    
  • G Siva Gokul
    M Pradeepkumar
    S Tina Deva Prarthana
    V.E Ida Christi
    Year: 2024
    Phytoplastics Based on (PHB) Producing Transgenic Plants as an Alternative to Plastics: A Review
    ICSETPSD
    EAI
    DOI: 10.4108/eai.17-11-2023.2342851
G Siva Gokul1,*, M Pradeepkumar1, S Tina Deva Prarthana1, V.E Ida Christi1
  • 1: PSG College of Pharmacy
*Contact email: gsivagokul.psgcp@gmail.com

Abstract

In past several decades synthetic plastics were used which produced harmful effects on living-beings and environment. Bioplastics are a long chain of monomers joined together by ester bonds and are thus termed as polyesters. Polyhydroxyalkanoate (PHA) family is a thermoplastic polyester that is natural and its variants have properties similar to petroleum-based plastic products that show biodegradable properties. PHB (Polyhydroxybutarate) is a PHA (Polyhydroxyalkonate) family derivative which is an energy storage material in Microorganisms. ‘Phytoplastic’ is an innovative approach to produce PHB containing bioplastics from transgenic plants. The main objective of this study was to provide a representative data of general various plants that can be modified to better PHB yield in transgenic plants.20 Methodology: The scrutinization of the transgenic plants was through the utilization of scientific articles like scholar, pubmed, springer, etc. The study reviews on alternative source for plastics from plant material. Here, plants such as maize, thale cress, rapeseed, Siberian oilseed, sugarcane, oil palm and tobacco are selected for this study and reviewed for their PHB biosynthesis. Thus, transgenic modification of plants shows increase in percentage yield of PHB content. Conclusion: Thus, we conclude that transgenic traits show increase in percentage yield of PHB content than in normal traits.