Proceedings of the 1st EAI Bukittinggi International Conference on Education, BICED 2019, 17-18 October, 2019, Bukititinggi, West Sumatera, Indonesia

Research Article

Pesantren: The Origins And Institutional Growth

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  • @INPROCEEDINGS{10.4108/eai.17-10-2019.2289750,
        author={Salmi  Wati and Suriani  Suriani},
        title={Pesantren: The Origins And Institutional Growth},
        proceedings={Proceedings of the 1st EAI Bukittinggi International Conference on Education, BICED 2019, 17-18 October, 2019, Bukititinggi, West Sumatera, Indonesia},
        publisher={EAI},
        proceedings_a={BICED},
        year={2019},
        month={12},
        keywords={pesantren colonial period independence period},
        doi={10.4108/eai.17-10-2019.2289750}
    }
    
  • Salmi Wati
    Suriani Suriani
    Year: 2019
    Pesantren: The Origins And Institutional Growth
    BICED
    EAI
    DOI: 10.4108/eai.17-10-2019.2289750
Salmi Wati1,*, Suriani Suriani2
  • 1: Islamic Education Departement, Institut Agama Islam Negeri (IAIN) Bukittinggi, Indonesia
  • 2: History of Islamic Civilization Departement , Institut Agama Islam Negeri (IAIN) Bukittinggi, Indonesia
*Contact email: salmiwati@iainbukittinggi.ac.id

Abstract

This paper will discuss issues around the origins and the growth of pesantren on colonial and independence period in Indonesia. The method is literature research. Pesantren is the institutions of Islamic education in Indonesia. Pesantren was formed on the influence of India, Arab and Indonesian traditions. In 19th-century pesantren functions as an educational institution. On the colonial period, there are many policy which are obviously a blow to the growth of pesantren. But pesantren was still able to survive. Even around the years 1930, the development of pesantren precisely very rapidly. If around the year 1920-an old pesantren only has about 200 people santri, then in the 1930-an great pesantren has more than 1500 students. After that, the dominance of pesantren in education began to decline drastically after the year 1950. From Pesantren has been born many nation leaders as well as community leaders. As a religious institution, Pesantren also has its own distinctive characteristics and different from other educational institutions. The existence of pesantren such as it is now has experienced many developments and changes in the life of Pesantren. So, in this case, the Pesantren not only serves as a social institution and broadcasting religion but also as an Islamic educational institution.