Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on Law, Social Science, Economics, and Education, ICLSSEE 2022, 16 April 2022, Semarang, Indonesia

Research Article

Effectiveness of the Implementation of Education Budget Arrangements in the APBN/APBD Based on the 1945 Constitution Article 31 paragraph (4) and Law No. 20 of 2003 concerning the National Education System Article 49 paragraph (1) related to the Covid 19 Pandemic

Download1200 downloads
  • @INPROCEEDINGS{10.4108/eai.16-4-2022.2319705,
        author={Achmad Jaka Santos Adiwijaya},
        title={Effectiveness of the Implementation of Education Budget Arrangements in the APBN/APBD Based on the 1945 Constitution Article 31 paragraph (4) and Law No. 20 of 2003 concerning the National Education System Article 49 paragraph (1) related to the Covid 19 Pandemic},
        proceedings={Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on Law, Social Science, Economics, and Education, ICLSSEE 2022, 16 April 2022, Semarang, Indonesia},
        publisher={EAI},
        proceedings_a={ICLSSEE},
        year={2022},
        month={8},
        keywords={effectiveness; education budget; national; regional; covid-19},
        doi={10.4108/eai.16-4-2022.2319705}
    }
    
  • Achmad Jaka Santos Adiwijaya
    Year: 2022
    Effectiveness of the Implementation of Education Budget Arrangements in the APBN/APBD Based on the 1945 Constitution Article 31 paragraph (4) and Law No. 20 of 2003 concerning the National Education System Article 49 paragraph (1) related to the Covid 19 Pandemic
    ICLSSEE
    EAI
    DOI: 10.4108/eai.16-4-2022.2319705
Achmad Jaka Santos Adiwijaya1,*
  • 1: Djuanda University, Indonesia
*Contact email: jaka.Santos@unida.ac.id

Abstract

The mandate of Law number 20 of 2003 concerning the National Education System ("Sisdiknas)" article 49 paragraph 1 regulates education funds which are allocated at least 20 percent of the APBD and APBN. This is in accordance with the mandate of the 1945 Constitution article 31 paragraph (4). The implementation of the mandate of the 1945 Constitution has been stated consistently since 2009. This means that the policy of the education budget in APBN and APBD has been launched for more than a decade. Various studies have been carried out highlighting the implementation problems, but have not obtained satisfactory results. Meanwhile, the 2021 Education Budget has been increased 5 times to IDR 550 trillion, as stated by the Minister of Finance, Sri Mulyani. This significant increase was carried out to support the education sector during the COVID-19 pandemic. However, it is necessary to study the extent to which the effectiveness of the implementation of the policy by the Central Government and Regional Governments are regulated in the relevant laws and regulations if these are not implemented proper. This paper also discusses the role of existing state institutions in the seriousness of their respective commitments in realizing the mandate of the 1945 Constitution in the field of education.