Proceedings of the First Jakarta International Conference on Multidisciplinary Studies Towards Creative Industries, JICOMS 2022, 16 November 2022, Jakarta, Indonesia

Research Article

The Simple Degradation Test for Nata de coco-based Film as Alternative Biodegradable Plastic Materials

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  • @INPROCEEDINGS{10.4108/eai.16-11-2022.2326141,
        author={Handika Dany Rahmayanti and Desvi Setiadi and Julia Christanti Ginting and Akmal Zulfi and Septia Ardiani and Nurul Akmalia and Tipri Rose Kartika},
        title={The Simple Degradation Test for Nata de coco-based Film as Alternative Biodegradable Plastic Materials},
        proceedings={Proceedings of the First Jakarta International Conference on Multidisciplinary Studies Towards Creative Industries, JICOMS 2022, 16 November 2022, Jakarta, Indonesia},
        publisher={EAI},
        proceedings_a={JICOMS},
        year={2022},
        month={12},
        keywords={film nata de coco; soil burial test; mixed microbal batch},
        doi={10.4108/eai.16-11-2022.2326141}
    }
    
  • Handika Dany Rahmayanti
    Desvi Setiadi
    Julia Christanti Ginting
    Akmal Zulfi
    Septia Ardiani
    Nurul Akmalia
    Tipri Rose Kartika
    Year: 2022
    The Simple Degradation Test for Nata de coco-based Film as Alternative Biodegradable Plastic Materials
    JICOMS
    EAI
    DOI: 10.4108/eai.16-11-2022.2326141
Handika Dany Rahmayanti1,*, Desvi Setiadi1, Julia Christanti Ginting1, Akmal Zulfi2,3, Septia Ardiani1, Nurul Akmalia1, Tipri Rose Kartika1
  • 1: Politeknik Negeri Media Kreatif
  • 2: Research Center for Environmental and Clean Technology, National Research and Innovation Agency (BRIN), Kom-plek BRIN Cisitu, Bandung 40135, Indonesia
  • 3: PT Nanotech Indonesia Global, Indonesia
*Contact email: handikadany44@gmail.com

Abstract

Plastic trash in Indonesia has reached 64 million tons per year. Consequently, a solution is required to decrease synthetic plastic waste. A film based on nata de coco has been made as an alternative to biodegradable plastic material using materials consisting of nata de coco, chitosan, and 1% acetic acid. The nata de coco based film was made by varying the composition of chitosan. The variations of chitosan used were 0.1 gram, 0.2 gram, 0.3 gram, and 0.4 gram. The biodegradation test used the soil burial test method by immersing the sample in the soil and the mixed microbial batch method using effective microorganisms 4/EM4 with an estimated time of 15 days. The results of the soil burial test method showed a variation of 0.1 experienced a weight loss of 100%. Meanwhile, variations of 0.2, 0.3, and 0.4 experienced a weight loss of 60-75%. Meanwhile, the results of the mixed microbial batch method showed that the nata de coco-based film underwent biodegradation as indicated by the tearing of the surface of the nata de coco-based film. From these results, nata de coco-based films can be said to be biodegradable plastics.