Proceedings of the the 3rd Annual Conference of Engineering and Implementation on Vocational Education, ACEIVE 2019, 16 November 2019, Universitas Negeri Medan, North Sumatra, Indonesia

Research Article

Analysis of Using Gasoline-Corncob Waste Bioethanol Blends in Four-Stroke Motorcycle Engine onto Exhaust Emission and Compression Ratio

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  • @INPROCEEDINGS{10.4108/eai.16-11-2019.2293270,
        author={Hanapi  Hasan and Hasan  Maksum and Safri  Gunawan and E  Eswanto and Sapitri  Januariyansah},
        title={Analysis of Using Gasoline-Corncob Waste Bioethanol Blends in Four-Stroke Motorcycle Engine onto Exhaust Emission and Compression Ratio},
        proceedings={Proceedings of the the 3rd Annual Conference of Engineering and Implementation on Vocational Education,  ACEIVE 2019,  16 November 2019, Universitas Negeri Medan, North Sumatra, Indonesia},
        publisher={EAI},
        proceedings_a={ACEIVE},
        year={2020},
        month={3},
        keywords={bioethanol corncob waste gasoline compression ratio exhaust emission},
        doi={10.4108/eai.16-11-2019.2293270}
    }
    
  • Hanapi Hasan
    Hasan Maksum
    Safri Gunawan
    E Eswanto
    Sapitri Januariyansah
    Year: 2020
    Analysis of Using Gasoline-Corncob Waste Bioethanol Blends in Four-Stroke Motorcycle Engine onto Exhaust Emission and Compression Ratio
    ACEIVE
    EAI
    DOI: 10.4108/eai.16-11-2019.2293270
Hanapi Hasan1,*, Hasan Maksum2, Safri Gunawan1, E Eswanto1, Sapitri Januariyansah1
  • 1: Department of Mechanical Engineering, Universitas Negeri Medan, Indonesia
  • 2: Department of Automotive, Universitas Negeri Padang, Indonesia
*Contact email: hanapi_hasan@unimed.ac.id

Abstract

This research utilizes corncob waste for making bioethanol by RON 109. The objective of this research is to get the best performace of exhaust emission by mixing gasoline RON 90 from E5, E10, E15, E20, to E25, and 10:1, 11:1 and 12:1 of compression ratio. In addition, the control variable covered 1400 rpm, 2400 rpm, and 3400 rpm engine speed. The testing data of exhaust emission was taken only on the carbon monoxide (CO) and hydrocarbon (HC). The result on this biethanol from corncob waste showed that the lowest exhaust emission on carbon monoxide and hydrocarbon and recom mended to be used was found on E10 fuels at 10:1 compression ratio, and E20 fuels at 11:1 compression ratio. The result obtained from this research demonstrated that the carbon monoxide and hydrocarbon emissions that produced by corncob waste bioethanol were environmently friendly compared to gasoline use only (E0).