Procedings of the 1st ICA Regional Conference, ICA 2019, October 16-17 2019, Bali, Indonesia

Research Article

Roles of Mass Media and Community Media in Multiple Great Disaster: From the Experience of Great East Japan Disaster in 2011

Download494 downloads
  • @INPROCEEDINGS{10.4108/eai.16-10-2019.2304350,
        author={Kuniko Sakata Watanabe and Akiko  Ogawa and Ayano  Kubota},
        title={Roles of   Mass Media and Community Media in Multiple Great Disaster: From the Experience of Great East Japan Disaster in 2011},
        proceedings={Procedings of the 1st ICA Regional Conference, ICA 2019, October 16-17 2019, Bali, Indonesia},
        publisher={EAI},
        proceedings_a={ICA},
        year={2021},
        month={2},
        keywords={community media; disaster information; fukushima; great east japan disaster; mass media; tohoku},
        doi={10.4108/eai.16-10-2019.2304350}
    }
    
  • Kuniko Sakata Watanabe
    Akiko Ogawa
    Ayano Kubota
    Year: 2021
    Roles of Mass Media and Community Media in Multiple Great Disaster: From the Experience of Great East Japan Disaster in 2011
    ICA
    EAI
    DOI: 10.4108/eai.16-10-2019.2304350
Kuniko Sakata Watanabe1,*, Akiko Ogawa2, Ayano Kubota2
  • 1: Graduate School of Information Sciences, Tohoku University, Japan
  • 2: Graduate School of Informatics, Nagoya University, Japan
*Contact email: k-sakata@media.is.tohoku.ac.jp

Abstract

This paper aims to clarify the roles of mass media as well as community media including temporary disaster radio stations in case of a serious and multiple disaster, based upon researches in relation to Great East Japan Disaster in 2011. For this purpose, firstly, the data of questionnaire to TV stations in Tokyo and those in three main disaster areas are analysed. Secondly, interview data of community FM broadcasters, including temporary disaster FM broadcasters of the disaster areas are examined. Thirdly, as a concrete example, “Voice of Fukushima,” that is a remarkable activity for sending individuals’ voices in Fukushima to the world by means of media, is discussed as a case study. After these discussions, it is clarified what was severe and what was lacked for each of media. In conclusion, important and alternative roles of media are reconsidered.